UAMS Department of Neurobiology and Developmental Sciences - Artery Tables Alphabetical

Gross Anatomy


Arteries of the Body - Arranged Alphabetically

Artery Source Branches Supply to Notes
alveolar, anterior superior infraorbital a. dental brs., mucosal brs. maxillary incisor and canine teeth; part of the maxillary sinus anterior superior alveolar a. is located between the inner and outer tables of bone of the maxilla
alveolar, inferior maxillary a. lingual br., mylohyoid a., dental brs., mental a. mandibular teeth and gingiva; mandible; mylohyoid m. inferior alveolar a. runs with the inferior alveolar nerve within the mandibular canal
alveolar, middle superior infraorbital a. dental brs., mucosal brs. maxillary premolar teeth; part of the maxillary sinus middle superior alveolar a. is located between the inner and outer tables of bone of the maxilla
alveolar, posterior superior maxillary a. dental brs., mucosal brs. maxillary molar teeth; part of the maxillary sinus posterior superior alveolar a. enters the maxilla in the infratemporal fossa
angular facial a. no named branches orbicularis oculi m. and lacrimal sac angular a. is the terminal branch of the facial a.
anterior cecal ileocolic a. occasionally the appendicular a. cecum anterior cecal a. supplies the ileocecal junction
anterior cerebral internal carotid a. anterior communicating a., medial frontobasal a., polar frontal a., callosomarginal a., precuneal a. medial and inferior portions of the frontal lobe; medial side of the parietal lobe; corpus callosum and part of the limbic lobe; olfactory bulb and tract; optic nerve, optic chiasm and optic tract the anterior communicating a. unites the two anterior cerebral aa. across the midline
anterior circumflex humeral axillary a., 3rd part unnamed muscular branches deltoid m.; arm muscles near the surgical neck of the humerus anterior circumflex humeral a. anastomoses with the posterior circumflex humeral a.
anterior communicating anterior cerebral a. perforating aa. an anastomotic connection anterior communicating a. is a short vessel of anastomosis which crosses the midline to join the paired anterior cerebral aa.; it is part of the Circle of Willis
anterior deep temporal maxillary a. no named branches anterior part of temporalis m. and surrounding deep tissues anterior deep temporal a. branches in the infratemporal fossa and runs deep to temporalis m.
anterior ethmoidal ophthalmic a. anterior meningeal a., anterior septal br., anterior lateral nasal br. anterior ethmoidal air cells, frontal paranasal sinus, dura mater in the anterior cranial fossa, nasal mucosa, olfactory nerves anterior ethmoidal a. leaves the orbit through the anterior ethmoidal foramen, then runs forward on the cribriform plate
anterior inferior cerebellar basilar a. labyrinthine (usually) pons (motor nucleus of cranial nerve V, chief sensory nucleus of cranial nerve V, abducens nucleus, facial nucleus, superior salivatory nucleus); cerebellum; inner ear shares its region of supply with branches of the basilar a.
anterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal inferior pancreaticoduodenal a. pancreatic brs., duodenal brs. lower duodenum and head of the pancreas anterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal a. anastomoses with the anterior superior pancreaticoduodenal a. to form the anterior pancreatic arcade
anterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal inferior pancreaticoduodenal a. pancreatic brs., duodenal brs. lower duodendum and head of the pancreas anterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal a. anastomoses with the anterior superior pancreaticoduodenal a. to form the anterior pancreatic arcade
anterior intercostal internal thoracic a. (upper 6 intercostal spaces), musculophrenic a. (7-10th intercostal spaces) unnamed muscular branches intercostal muscles anteriorly; skin overlying the intercostal muscles there are two anterior intercostal aa. per side per intercostal space, one coursing above and one coursing below each rib
anterior interosseous common interosseous a. muscular brs.; a. of the median nerve flexor pollicis longus m., flexor digitorum profundus m., pronator quadratus m., radius, ulna, carpal bones anterior interosseous a. pierces the interosseous membrane at its distal end to reach the dorsal carpal anastomosis
anterior lateral malleolar anterior tibial a. no named branches lateral side of the ankle anterior lateral malleolar a. anastomoses with the posterior lateral malleolar a. and the perforating br. of the fibular a.
anterior medial malleolar anterior tibial a. no named branches medial side of the ankle anterior medial malleolar a. anastomoses with the posterior medial malleolar a.
anterior radicular they arise as multiple branches of several vessels (vertebral, posterior intercostal, lumbar, and lateral sacral aa.) they accompany the ventral rootlets to reach the spinal cord meninges; spinal cord; spinal nerve; ventral rootlets anterior radicular aa. anastomose with the anterior spinal a.
anterior spinal contributions received from several arteries (vertebral, posterior intercostal, subcostal, lumbar, lateral sacral aa.) pial arterial plexus meninges; spinal cord; medulla (dorsal motor nucleus of cranial nerve X, nucleus ambiguus, spinal accessory nucleus and hypoglossal nucleus) anterior spinal a. anastomoses with the anterior radicular brs. of the spinal rami of the vertebral, posterior intercostal, subcostal, lumbar and lateral sacral aa.
anterior superior alveolar infraorbital a. dental brs., mucosal brs. maxillary incisor and canine teeth; part of the maxillary sinus anterior superior alveolar a. is located between the inner and outer tables of bone of the maxilla
anterior superior pancreaticoduodenal gastroduodenal a. pancreatic brs., duodenal brs. upper duodenum and head of the pancreas anterior superior pancreaticoduodenal a. anastomoses with the anterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal a. to form the anterior pancreatic arcade
anterior tibial popliteal a. anterior tibial recurrent a., posterior tibial recurrent a., anterior malleolar a., medial malleolar a., lateral malleolar a., dorsalis pedis a. anterior leg; dorsum of foot and deep foot anterior tibial a. becomes continuous with the dorsalis pedis a.; the name change occurs at the level of the ankle joint
anterior tibial recurrent anterior tibial a. no named branches anterior side of the knee and adjacent muscles anterior tibial recurrent a. anastomoses with the genicular aa. to participate in the formation of the genicular anastomosis
anterior tympanic maxillary a. no named branches middle ear anterior tympanic a. passes through the petrotympanic fissure along with the chorda tympani n.
anterior ulnar recurrent ulnar a. unnamed muscular brs. medial side of elbow and proximal ends of forearm flexor mm. anterior ulnar recurrent a. often arises in common with the posterior ulnar recurrent a.
aorta, abdominal the continuation of the descending thoracic aorta inferior phrenic aa. (2), celiac trunk, middle suprarenal aa. (2), lumbar aa. (4 pairs), superior mesenteric a., renal aa. (2), testicular/ovarian aa. (2), inferior mesenteric a., median sacral a., common iliac aa. (2) abdominal wall; gastrointestinal tract; body below the level of the respiratory diaphragm abdominal aorta passes posterior to the diaphragm (aortic hiatus) at the level of the T12 vertebral body
aorta, ascending left ventricle of the heart left and right coronary aa. heart, entire body ascending aorta is the shortest part of the aorta; it continues as the aortic arch
aorta, descending thoracic continuation of aortic arch posterior intercostal aa. 3-11, subcostal aa., left bronchial aa. (2), esophageal aa. (~3), mediastinal brs., superior phrenic aa. thoracic wall, lungs, posterior mediastinum, body below the respiratory diaphragm descending thoracic aorta passes posterior to the diaphragm (aortic hiatus) at the level of the T12 vertebral body; it is continuous with the abdominal aorta
aortic arch the continuation of the ascending aorta brachiocephalic trunk, left common carotid a., left subclavian a. the entire body except the heart aortic arch continues as the descending thoracic aorta; the fibrous ligamentum arteriosum connects to the inferior surface of the aortic arch and it marks the location of the fetal ductus arteriosus aortic arch continues as the descending thoracic aorta
appendicular posterior cecal, anterior cecal or ileocolic no named branches vermiform appendix despite its variable origin, appendicular artery is nearly constant in its course posterior to the terminal part of the ileum
arch, aortic the continuation of the ascending aorta brachiocephalic trunk, left common carotid a., left subclavian a. the entire body except the heart aortic arch continues as the descending thoracic aorta; the fibrous ligamentum arteriosum connects to the inferior surface of the aortic arch and it marks the location of the fetal ductus arteriosus aortic arch continues as the descending thoracic aorta
arch, deep palmar radial a., deep br. of ulnar a. palmar metacarpal aa. (2nd-4th), perforating brs. deep palm, digits including the dorsum of the distal phalangeal segment deep palmar arterial arch receives the majority of its blood supply from the radial a.
arch, dorsal carpal arterial radial a., ulnar a. dorsal metacarpal aa. dorsum of the hand and digits, excluding the distal phalangeal segment dorsal carpal arterial arch receives the majority of its blood supply from the radial a.
arch, plantar arterial lateral plantar a. plantar metatarsal aa. (4) deep foot; its plantar metatarsal brs. and their brs. supply the toes, including the dorsum of the distal phalangeal segment plantar arterial arch anastomoses with the deep plantar br. of the dorsalis pedis a.
arch, superficial palmar ulnar a., superficial palmar br. of the radial a. common palmar digital aa. (3) superficial palm, palmar surface of the digits excluding thumb, dorsum of the distal phalangeal segments of digits 2-5 superficial palmar arterial arch receives the majority of its blood supply from the ulnar a.
arcuate, of foot dorsalis pedis a. dorsal metatarsal aa. (3) dorsum of the foot, excluding the pollex and the distal phalangeal segments of the digits arcuate a. anastomoses with the lateral tarsal a.
arcuate, of kidney interlobar a. interlobular aa. renal cortex arcuate aa. of the kidney are numerous
artery of the ductus deferens umbilical a.; may be a branch of the superior or inferior vesical a. no named branches ductus deferens, seminal vesical; possibly supplies the ureter artery of the ductus deferens is also known as: deferential a.
artery to the atrioventricular node right coronary a. near the point where it becomes the posterior interventricular a. no named branches atrioventricular node and the surrounding myocardium artery to the atrioventricular node is located at the junction of the coronary sulcus and the posterior interventricular sulcus
artery to the sinuatrial node right coronary a. no named branches sinuatrial node and the surrounding myocardium artery to the sinuatrial node is important artery to locate during cardiac surgical procedures
ascending aorta left ventricle of the heart left and right coronary aa. heart, entire body ascending aorta is the shortest part of the aorta; it continues as the aortic arch
ascending cervical inferior thyroid a. unnamed muscular branches deep muscles of the neck ascending cervical a. ascends on the anterior surface of the anterior scalene m. beside the phrenic n.
ascending palatine facial a. no named branches superior pharyngeal constrictor, soft palate, palatine tonsil ascending palatine a. shares supply of the tonsil bed with 4 other aa. (see also: tonsillar br. of the facial a., palatine br. of the ascending pharyngeal a., tonsillar br. of the dorsal lingual a., tonsillar br. of the descending palatine a.)
ascending pharyngeal external carotid a. pharyngeal brs., inferior tympanic a., posterior meningeal a. pharynx, meninges ascending pharyngeal a. arises from the medial side of the external carotid a. close to the birfurcation
atrioventricular nodal right coronary a. near the point where it becomes the posterior interventricular a. no named branches atrioventricular node and the surrounding myocardium artery to the atrioventricular node is located at the junction of the coronary sulcus and the posterior interventricular sulcus
auricular, deep maxillary a. no named branches external auditory meatus, tympanic membrane deep auricular a. is small and difficult to dissect
auricular, posterior external carotid a. stylomastoid br., auricular br., occipital br. part of the external ear, scalp and deeper structures posterior to the ear posterior auricular and greater occipital share their region of distribution
axillary subclavian a. (axillary a. is the continuation of the subclavian lateral to the 1st rib) 1st part: superior thoracic a.; 2nd part: thoracoacromial a., lateral thoracic a.; 3rd part: anterior humeral circumflex a., posterior humeral circumflex a., subscapular a. pectoral region, shoulder region and upper limb pectoralis minor m. crosses anterior to the axillary artery and is used to delineate the 3 parts mentioned at left


Artery Source Branches Supply to Notes
basilar formed by the joining of the two vertebral aa. pontine brs., anterior inferior cerebellar a., superior cerebellar a., two posterior cerebral aa. (terminal brs.) pons (motor nucleus of cranial nerve V, chief sensory nucleus of cranial nerve V, abducens nucleus, facial nucleus, superior salivatory nucleus); oculomotor nucleus; nucleus of Edinger-Westphal; cerebellum; posterior cerebrum basilar a. contributes blood to the cerebral arterial circle
brachial axillary a. (brachial a. is the continuation of the axillary a. distal to the teres major m.) deep brachial a., superior ulnar collateral a., nutrient a., inferior ulnar collateral a.; terminal branches are the radial a. and the ulnar a. arm, forearm and hand brachial a. normally terminates at the level of the elbow, but high branching may occur
brachial, deep brachial a. ascending br.; terminal branches are the middle collateral a. and radial collateral a. muscles and tissues of the posterior compartment of the arm deep brachial a. spirals around the shaft of the humerus in the radial groove where it is susceptible to injury in mid-shaft fractures
brachiocephalic trunk aortic arch right common carotid a., right subclavian a. right side of the head and neck; right upper limb and right side of the chest wall there is only one brachiocephalic trunk
bronchial, left descending thoracic aorta right bronchial a. (occasionally) lower trachea, bronchial tree there are usually two left bronchial aa.
bronchial, right 3rd right posterior intercostal no named branches lower trachea, bronchial tree right bronchial a. may arise from the left bronchial a.
buccal maxillary a. no named branches cheek and associated muscles buccal a. runs with the buccal branch of CN V
of bulb of penis internal pudendal a. no named branches bulb of the penis and associated tissues artery of the bulb of the penis courses within the deep perineal space to enter the deep surface of the bulb
of bulb of vestibule internal pudendal a. no named branches bulb of the vestibule and associated tissues artery of the bulb of the vestibule courses within the deep perineal space to enter the deep surface of the bulb


Artery Source Branches Supply to Notes
caroticotympanic internal carotid a. no named branches tympanic cavity caroticotympanic a. courses through the petrous portion of the temporal bone
carotid, common brachiocephalic trunk (right), aortic arch (left) external carotid a., internal carotid a. most of the head and upper neck common carotid a. bifurcates at the level of the superior border of the thyroid cartilage; the internal carotid a. and the external carotid a. are its terminal brs.; the carotid sinus and carotid body are located at the bifurcation
carotid, external common carotid a. superior thyroid a., ascending pharyngeal a., lingual a., facial a., occipital a., posterior auricular a., maxillary a., superficial temporal a. upper neck, face and scalp external carotid a. is the primary blood supply to the face and superficial head; the maxillary a. and superficial temporal a. are its terminal branches
carotid, internal common carotid a. none in the neck; in the head: ophthalmic a., posterior communicating a., anterior cerebral a., middle cerebral a. brain; eye and orbit; forehead internal carotid a. is the primary blood supply to the brain; it anastomoses with the vertebral aa. and the contralateral internal carotid a. in the cerebral arterial circle (of Willis); anterior and middle cerebral aa. are the terminal brs. of the internal carotid a.
carpal arterial arch, dorsal radial a., ulnar a. dorsal metacarpal aa. dorsum of the hand and digits, excluding the distal phalangeal segment dorsal carpal arterial arch receives the majority of its blood supply from the radial a.
caudal pancreatic splenic a. numerous small aa. that supply the pancreas tail of the pancreas caudal pancreatic a. enters the tail of the pancreas near the hilum of the spleen; it may arise from the left gastro-omental a.
cecal, anterior ileocolic a. may give off the appendicular a. anterior surface of the cecum anterior cecal a. supplies the ileocecal junction
cecal, posterior ileocolic a. may give off the appendicular a. posterior surface of the cecum posterior cecal a. supplies the ileocecal junction
celiac trunk abdominal aorta at the level of the T12-L1 intervertebral disc left gastric a., splenic a., common hepatic a. stomach, lower esophagus, liver, upper duodenum, pancreas, spleen celiac trunk supplies the foregut derivatives
central, of retina ophthalmic a. superior nasal br., inferior nasal br., superior temporal br., inferior temporal br. retina central a. of the retina is the sole blood supply to the retina; it has no significant collateral circulation and blockage of this vessel leads to blindness; its branches are viewed in a funduscopic exam
cerebellar, anterior inferior basilar a. labyrinthine a. (usually) pons (motor nucleus of cranial nerve V, chief sensory nucleus of cranial nerve V, abducens nucleus, facial nucleus, superior salivatory nucleus); cerebellum; inner ear anterior inferior cerebella a. shares its region of supply with branches of the basilar a.
cerebellar, posterior inferior vertebral a. posterior spinal a. part of cerebellum; medulla (cochlear nucleus, vestibular nucleus, dorsal motor nucleus of cranial nerve X, nucleus ambiguus) posterior inferior cerebellar a. shares its region of supply with the vertebral a. and anterior spinal a. (watershed region)
cerebellar, superior basilar a. no named branches upper cerebellum; trochlear nucleus there may be more than one superior cerebellar a. arising from the basilar a. on each side
cerebral, anterior internal carotid a. anterior communicating a., medial frontobasal a., polar frontal a., callosomarginal a., precuneal a. medial and inferior portions of the frontal lobe; medial side of the parietal lobe; corpus callosum and part of the limbic lobe; olfactory bulb and tract; optic nerve, optic chiasm and optic tract the anterior communicating a. unites the two anterior cerebral aa. across the midline
cerebral arterial circle an anastomotic circle of blood vessels formed by portions of the following vessels: posterior cerebral aa. (2); posterior communicating aa. (2); internal carotid aa. (2); anterior cerebral aa. (2); anterior communicating a. this is an anastomotic loop; major named vessels connect here, but there are no named branches of the arterial circle brain and midbrain also known as: arterial circle of Willis
cerebral, middle internal carotid a. lateral frontobasal a.; prefrontal sulcal a.; precentral sulcal a.; central sulcal a.; anterior parietal a.; posterior parietal a.; anterior, middle and posterior temporal aa. frontal, parietal and temporal lobes, especially on their lateral surfaces the middle cerebral a. is the direct continuation of the internal carotid a.
cerebral, posterior basilar a. posterior cerebral a.; anterior and posterior temporal brs.; medial occipital a. part of the brainstem (oculomotor nucleus, nucleus of Edinger-Westphal, trochlear nucleus); medial and inferior portions of the temporal lobe; occipital lobe the two posterior cerebral aa. are the terminal brs. of the basilar a.
cervical, ascending inferior thyroid a. unnamed muscular branches deep muscles of the neck ascending cervical a. ascends on the anterior surface of the anterior scalene m. beside the phrenic n.
cervical, deep costocervical trunk unnamed muscular branches deep muscles of the posterior neck deep cervical a. anastomoses with the occipital a. near the occipital bone
cervical, transverse thyrocervical trunk unnamed muscular branches, possibly the dorsal scapular a. trapezius muscle and surrounding tissues transverse cervical a. gives rise to the dorsal scapular a. ~30% of the time
choroidal internal carotid a. no named branches choroid plexus; optic nerve, optic chiasm and optic tract choroidal a. follows the optic tract
ciliary, anterior muscular brs. of the ophthalmic a. no named branches anterior part of eyeball anterior ciliary aa. course deep to the conjunctiva to reach the region surrounding the iris
ciliary, posterior ophthalmic a. no named branches eyeball posterior ciliary aa. may be classified as short (supplying the posterior eyeball) and lone (supplying the anterior eyeball); short and long posterior ciliary aa. are identical in their size and course external to the eyeball
circumflex left coronary a. marginal br., possibly posterior artery of the left ventricle posterior surface of the left ventricle circumflex a. courses in the atrioventricular (coronary) sulcus
circumflex femoral, lateral deep femoral a. ascending br., transverse br., descending br. lateral thigh and hip lateral circumflex femoral a. arises from the femoral a. in ~14% of cases
circumflex femoral, medial deep femoral a. ascending br., descending br. medial thigh and hip medial circumflex femoral a. arises from the femoral a. in ~20% of cases
circumflex fibular anterior tibial unnamed muscular branches proximal portion of lateral leg arises from the tibial a. before the tibial a. pierces the interosseous membrane
circumflex humeral, anterior axillary a., 3rd part unnamed muscular branches deltoid m.; arm muscles near the surgical neck of the humerus anterior circumflex humeral a. anastomoses with the posterior circumflex humeral a.
circumflex humeral, posterior axillary a., 3rd part unnamed muscular branches deltoid; arm muscles near the surgical neck of the humerus posterior circumflex humeral a. anastomoses with the anterior circumflex humeral a.; it passes through the quadrangular space with the axillary nerve
circumflex iliac, deep external iliac a. unnamed muscular branches iliacus muscle and the lower abdominal wall deep circumflex iliac a. courses along the iliac crest on the inner surface of the abdominal wall
circumflex iliac, superficial femoral a. unnamed muscular branches superficial fascia of lower abdomen and thigh superficial circumflex iliac a. crosses the upper thigh parallel to the inguinal ligament
circumflex scapular subscapular a. unnamed muscular branches teres major m., teres minor m., infraspinatus m. circumflex scapular a. anastomoses with the suprascapular a. and the dorsal scapular a. to form the scapular anastomosis
clitoris, deep a. of internal pudendal a. no named branches corpus cavernosum of the clitoris deep a. of the clitoris and dorsal a. of the clitoris are the terminal brs. of the internal pudendal a.
clitoris, dorsal a. of internal pudendal a. no named branches superficial structures of the clitoris dorsal a. of the clitoris and deep a. of the clitoris are the terminal brs. of the internal pudendal a.
colic, left inferior mesenteric a. ascending br., descending br. descending colon left colic a. anastomoses with the middle colic a and the sigmoid a.to form part of the marginal a.
colic, middle superior mesenteric right br., left br. transverse colon middle colic a. anastomoses with the right colic a. and the left colic a. to form part of the marginal a.
colic, right superior mesenteric (or br. of) ascending br., descending br. ascending colon right colic a. anastomoses with the ileocolic a. and the middle colic a. to form part of the marginal a.
collateral, inferior ulnar brachial a. unnamed muscular branches lower medial arm anastomoses with the anterior ulnar recurrent a.
collateral, middle deep brachial a. unnamed muscular branches medial head of triceps, anconeus anastomoses with the interosseous recurrent a.
collateral, radial deep brachial a. unnamed muscular branches lower lateral arm travels with the radial nerve; anastomoses with the radial recurrent a.
collateral, superior ulnar brachial a. unnamed muscular branches medial arm muscles travels with the ulnar nerve; anastomoses with posterior ulnar recurrent a.
common carotid brachiocephalic trunk (right), aortic arch (left) external carotid a., internal carotid a. most of the head and upper neck common carotid a. bifurcates at the level of the superior border of the thyroid cartilage; the internal carotid a. and the external carotid a. are its terminal brs.; the carotid sinus and carotid body are located at the bifurcation
common hepatic celiac trunk gastroduodenal a., proper hepatic a. liver, upper part of the duodenum, part of the pancreas, part of the stomach common hepatic a. is one of three brs. of the celiac trunk (see also: left gastric a., splenic a.)
common iliac abdominal aorta external iliac a., internal iliac a. pelvis, lower limb abdominal aorta bifurcates at the level of the L4 vertebral body to form the right and left common iliac aa.; the common iliac artery bifurcates anterior to the sacroiliac articulation into its terminal brs. (external iliac a. and internal iliac a.)
common interosseous ulnar a. anterior interosseous a., posterior interosseous a. deep structures of the forearm common interosseous a. supplies the deep forearm flexor and deep forearm extensor muscles
common palmar digital superficial palmar arterial arch proper palmar digital aa. (2) palmar aspect two adjacent digits common palmar digital aa. anastomose with palmar metacarpal aa.
communicating, anterior anterior cerebral a. perforating aa. an anastomotic connection anterior communicating a. is a short vessel of anastomosis which crosses the midline to join the paired anterior cerebral aa.; it is part of the Circle of Willis
communicating, posterior internal carotid a. perforating aa. an anastomotic connection a vessel of anastomosis which connects the internal carotid a. to the posterior cerebral a.; part of the cerebral arterial circle (of Willis)
coronary, left ascending aorta anterior interventricular a., circumflex a. left ventricle, left atrium, anterosuperior 2/3 of the interventricular septum left coronary a. arises superior to the left cusp of the aortic semilunar valve; during its short course, it is located in the coronary sulcus; the anterior interventricular a. and the circumflex a. are its terminal brs.
coronary, right ascending aorta sinuatrial nodal a., right marginal a., posterior interventricular a., atrioventricular nodal a. right ventricle, right atrium, inferior 1/3 of the interventricular septum right coronary a. usually provides the posterior interventricular a.; it courses within the coronary sulcus
costocervical trunk subclavian a., 2nd part deep cervical a., highest intercostal a. deep muscles of the posterior neck; posterior ends of the first 2 intercostal spaces costocervical trunk is located between the anterior scalene m. and the middle scalene m.; it arches posteriorly over the cervical parietal pleura
cremasteric inferior epigastric a. no named branches cremaster m., coverings of the spermatic cord cremasteric a. is one of the contents of the spermatic cord; it anastomoses with the testicular artery distally
cricothyroid superior thyroid a. no named branches cricothyroid m., inferior pharyngeal constrictor m. cricothyroid a. travels with the external br. of the superior laryngeal n.
cystic right hepatic a. (or superior mesenteric a., proper hepatic a., left hepatic a., gastroduodenal a.) no named branches gall bladder cystic a. arises from the right hepatic a. in ~72% of cases; other possible origins are noted at left and are clinically relevant during gall bladder surgery


Artery Source Branches Supply to Notes
deep brachial brachial a. ascending br.; terminal branches are the middle collateral a. and radial collateral a. muscles and tissues of the posterior compartment of the arm deep brachial a. spirals around the shaft of the humerus in the radial groove where it is susceptible to injury in mid-shaft fractures
deep cervical costocervical trunk unnamed muscular branches deep muscles of the posterior neck deep cervical a. anastomoses with the occipital a. near the occipital bone
deep external pudendal femoral a. unnamed muscular branches origins of pectineus m., adductor longus m.; scrotum/labium majus deep external pudendal a. may arise from the medial circumflex femoral a.
deep femoral femoral a. medial circumflex femoral a., lateral circumflex femoral a., perforating aa. (3 or 4) hip joint, proximal thigh, posterior thigh deep femoral a. is the primary blood supply to muscles of the posterior compartment of the thigh
deep lingual lingual a. no named branches anterior tongue deep lingual a. is the terminal br. of the lingual a.
deep palmar arch radial a., deep br. of ulnar a. palmar metacarpal aa. (2nd-4th), perforating brs. deep palm, digits including the dorsum of the distal phalangeal segment deep palmar arterial arch receives the majority of its blood supply from the radial a.
deep plantar dorsalis pedis plantar metatarsal aa. (4) deep foot; its plantar metatarsal brs. and their brs. supply the toes, including the dorsum of the distal phalangeal segment anastomoses with lateral plantar a. to form the plantar arterial arch; the branches mentioned at left arise from the plantar arterial arch
deep, of clitoris internal pudendal a. no named branches corpus cavernosum of the clitoris deep a. of the clitoris and dorsal a. of the clitoris are the terminal brs. of the internal pudendal a.
deep, of penis internal pudendal a. no named branches corpus cavernosum of the penis deep a. of the penis and dorsal a. of the penis are the terminal brs. of the internal pudendal a.
descending genicular femoral a. saphenous br., articular brs. skin and superficial structures of the medial aspect of the knee and upper leg descending genicular a. anastomoses with the genicular brs. of the popliteal a.
descending palatine maxillary a. greater palatine a., lesser palatine a. palate descending palatine a. accompanies the greater palatine n. within the palatine canal
digital, common palmar superficial palmar arterial arch proper palmar digital aa. (2) palmar aspect two adjacent digits common palmar digital aa. anastomose with palmar metacarpal aa.
digital, proper palmar common palmar digital a. no named branches palmar aspect of each digit proper palmar digital aa. supply the dorsum of the distal phalangeal segment and nail bed
digital, proper plantar plantar metatarsal a., from the plantar arterial arch no named branches plantar aspect of each digit proper plantar digital aa. supply the dorsum of the distal phalangeal segment and nail bed
dorsal carpal arterial arch radial a., ulnar a. dorsal metacarpal aa. dorsum of the hand and digits, excluding the distal phalangeal segment dorsal carpal arterial arch receives the majority of its blood supply from the radial a.
dorsal digital, of foot dorsal metatarsal a. no named branches dorsal aspect of 1/2 digit, excluding the distal phalangeal segment dorsal digital aa. do not supply the nail bed
dorsal digital, of hand dorsal metacarpal a. no named branches dorsal aspect of 1/2 digit, excluding the distal phalangeal segment dorsal digital aa. do not supply the nail bed
dorsal lingual lingual a. no named branches posterior tongue, palatine tonsil, soft palate dorsal lingual a. is only one of five arteries that supply the tonsil bed
dorsal metacarpal 1st: radial a.; 2-4: dorsal carpal arterial arch dorsal digital aa. (2) dorsum of 2 adjacent digits, excluding the distal phalangeal segment each dorsal metacarpal a. gives off a perforating br. that anastomoses with the deep palmar arterial arch
dorsal metatarsal dorsalis pedis (1st), arcuate (2nd-4th) dorsal digital aa. (2) dorsum of digits, excluding the distal phalangeal segment each dorsal metatarsal a. gives off a perforating br. that anastomoses with the plantar arterial arch
dorsal nasal ophthalmic a. no named branches dorsum of the nose dorsal nasal a. anastomoses with the angular a.
dorsal pancreatic splenic a. right br., left br. neck of the pancreas right br.of the dorsal pancreatic a. anastomoses with the anterior superior pancreaticoduodenal a. in the prepancreatic arcade
dorsal scapular subclavian a., 3rd part unnamed muscular branches levator scapulae m., rhomboideus major m., rhomboideus minor m. dorsal scapular a. anastomoses with the suprascapular a. and the subscapular a. to form the scapular anastomosis; dorsal scapular a is a branch of the transverse cervical a. in ~30% of cases
dorsal, of clitoris internal pudendal a. no named branches superficial tissues of the clitoris dorsal a. of the clitoris and deep a. of the clitoris are the terminal brs. of the internal pudendal a.
dorsal, of penis internal pudendal a. no named branches superficial tissues of the penis dorsal a. of the penis and deep a. of the penis are the terminal brs. of the internal pudendal a.
dorsalis pedis anterior tibial a. lateral tarsal a., medial tarsal a., arcuate a., 1st dorsal metatarsal a., deep plantar a. dorsal aspect of the foot; dorsalis pedis a. anastomoses with the plantar arterial arch; the anterior tibial artery continues as the dorsalis pedis - the name change occurs at the level of the ankle
ductus deferens, artery of umbilical a.; may be a branch of the superior or inferior vesical a. no named branches ductus deferens, seminal vesical; possibly supplies the ureter artery of the ductus deferens is also known as: deferential a.


Artery Source Branches Supply to Notes
epigastric, inferior external iliac a. cremasteric a. lower rectus abdominis m., pyramidalis m., lower abdominal wall inferior epigastric m. anastomoses with the superior epigastric m. within the rectus abdominis m.
epigastric, superficial femoral a. cutaneous brs. superficial fascia and skin of the lower abdominal wall superficial epigastric a. is one of three superficial arteries that arise from the femoral a. (see also: superficial circumflex iliac a. and superficial external pudendal a.)
epigastr ic, superior internal thoracic a. no named branches upper rectus abdominis m., upper abdominal wall superior epigastric a. is the direct continuation of the internal thoracic a.; it anastomoses with the inferior epigastric a. within the rectus abdominis m.
esophageal descending thoracic aorta; left gastric a. no named branches lower 2/3rds of the thoracic esophagus there are usually two (sometimes 3) esophageal brs. off of the aorta; the left gastric a. gives esophageal brs. that ascend to supply the abdominal esophagus and lowest part of the thoracic esophagus; anastomoses occur between the esophageal brs. of the aorta and left gastric a.
ethmoidal, anterior ophthalmic a. anterior meningeal a., anterior septal br., anterior lateral nasal br. anterior ethmoidal air cells, frontal paranasal sinus, dura mater in the anterior cranial fossa, nasal mucosa, olfactory nerves anterior ethmoidal a. leaves the orbit through the anterior ethmoidal foramen, then runs forward on the cribriform plate
ethmoidal, posterior ophthalmic a. no named branches posterior ethmoidal air cells; olfactory nerves posterior ethmoidal a. leaves the orbit through the posterior ethmoidal foramen
external carotid common carotid superior thyroid a., ascending pharyngeal a., lingual a., facial a., occipital a., posterior auricular a., maxillary a., superficial temporal a. upper neck, face and scalp external carotid a. is the primary blood supply to the face and superficial head; the maxillary a. and superficial temporal a. are its terminal branches
external iliac common iliac a. inferior epigastric a., deep circumflex iliac a., femoral a. lower limb external iliac a. is continuous with the femoral a., the name change occurs at the inguinal ligament; the common iliac artery bifurcates anterior to the sacroiliac articulation
external pudendal, deep femoral a. unnamed muscular branches origins of pectineus m., adductor longus m.; scrotum/labium majus deep external pudendal a. may arise from the medial circumflex femoral a.
external pudendal, superficial femoral a. no named branches skin and superficial fascia of the upper medial thigh, skin of the pubic region superficial external pudendal a. is one of three superficial branches of the femoral a. near the inguinal ligament (see also: superficial circumflex iliac a., superficial epigastric a.)


Artery Source Branches Supply to Notes
facial external carotid a. ascending palatine a., tonsilar br., submental a., superior labial a., inferior labial a., lateral nasal a., angular a. lower part of the palatine tonsil, submandibular gland, facial muscles and fascia the angular branch of the facial a. anastomoses with the ophthalmic a.
facial, transverse superficial temporal a. no named branches parotid gland, masseter m., facial muscles and skin transverse facial a. anastomoses with branches of the buccal, infraorbital and facial aa.
femoral external iliac a. superficial epigastric a., superficial circumflex iliac a., superficial external pudendal a., deep external pudendal a., deep femoral a., descending genicular a., popliteal a. thigh, leg and foot femoral a. is continuous with the popliteal a., the name change occurs at the adductor hiatus
femoral, deep femoral a. medial circumflex femoral a., lateral circumflex femoral a., perforating aa. (3 or 4) hip joint, proximal thigh, posterior thigh deep femoral a. is the primary blood supply to muscles of the posterior compartment of the thigh
femoral, lateral circumflex deep femoral a. ascending br., transverse br., descending br. lateral thigh and hip lateral circumflex femoral a. arises from the femoral a. in ~14% of cases
femoral, medial circumflex deep femoral a. ascending br., descending br. medial thigh and hip medial circumflex femoral a. arises from the femoral a. in ~20% of cases
fibular posterior tibial a. nutrient br., lateral malleolar a., communicating br., perforating br. muscles and fascia of the lateral leg ankle fibular a. anastomoses at the ankle with the anterior and posterior tibial aa.; also known as: peroneal a.


Artery Source Branches Supply to Notes
gastric, left celiac a. esophageal brs. superior part of the stomach near the lesser curvature left gastric a. anastomoses with the right gastric a. on the lesser curvature of the stomach; it also anastomoses with the esophageal brs. of the thoracic aorta
gastric, right proper hepatic a. no named branches inferior part of the stomach near the lesser curvature right gastric a. anastomoses with the left gastric a. on the lesser curvature of the stomach
gastric, short splenic a. no named branches fundus and upper part of the stomach near the greater curvature short gastric aa. reach the stomach by passing through the gastrosplenic ligament; they are usually 4-5 in number
gastro-omental, left splenic a. gastric brs., omental brs. mid-part of the stomach near the greater curvature; greater omentum left gastro-omental a. anastomoses with the right gastro-omental a. near the greater curvature of the stomach; also known as: left gastroepiploic a.
gastro-omental, right gastroduodenal a. gastric brs., omental brs. lower part of the pyloric region of the stomach, right part of greater curvature of the stomach, greater omentum right gastro-omental a anastomoses with the left gastro-omental a. near the greater curvature of the stomach; also known as: right gastroepiploic a.
gastroduodenal common hepatic a. supraduodenal aa., retroduodenal aa., posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal a., anterior superior pancreaticoduodenal a., right gastro-omental a. upper duodenum, upper part of the head of the pancreas; greater curvature of the stomach on the right gastroduodenal a. supplies the lowest portion of the foregut and its derivatives
genicular, descending femoral a. saphenous br., articular brs. skin and superficial structures of the medial aspect of the knee and upper leg descending genicular a. anastomoses with the genicular brs. of the popliteal a.
genicular, inferior lateral popliteal a. no named branches lateral aspect of the knee inferior lateral genicular a. anastomoses with the other genicular brs. of the popliteal a., circumflex fibular a. and anterior tibial recurrent a. to form the genicular anastomosis
genicular, inferior medial popliteal a. no named branches medial aspect of the knee inferior medial genicular a. anastomoses with the other genicular brs. of the popliteal a., circumflex fibular a. and anterior tibial recurrent a. to form the genicular anastomosis
genicular, middle popliteal a. no named branches cruciate ligaments and deep structures of the knee middle genicular a. anastomoses with the other genicular brs. of the popliteal a., circumflex fibular a. and anterior tibial recurrent a. to form the genicular anastomosis
genicular, superior lateral popliteal a. no named branches lateral aspect of knee superior lateral genicular a. anastomoses with the other genicular brs. of the popliteal a., circumflex fibular a. and anterior tibial recurrent a. to form the genicular anastomosis
genicular, superior medial popliteal a. no named branches medial aspect of knee superior medial genicular a. anastomoses with the other genicular brs. of the popliteal a., circumflex fibular a. and anterior tibial recurrent a. to form the genicular anastomosis
gluteal, inferior internal iliac a., anterior division unnamed muscular branches gluteus maximus m., hip joint inferior gluteal a. participates in the formation of the cruciate anastomoses of the hip
gluteal, superior internal iliac, posterior division superficial br., deep br. gluteus maximus m., gluteus medius m., gluteus minimus m., hip joint superior gluteal a. participates in the formation of the cruciate anastomoses of the hip
great anterior radicular the spinal br. of the lower posterior intercostal a., subcostal a., or upper lumbar a., usually on left no named branches lower spinal cord great anterior radicular a. anastomoses with the anterior spinal a. at lower thoracic or upper lumbar spinal cord levels
greater palatine descending palatine a. no named branches hard palate, palatine glands, palatine mucosa greater palatine a. accompanies the greater palatine n., it is endangered by anesthetic injections for dental procedures


Artery Source Branches Supply to Notes
hepatic, common celiac trunk gastroduodenal a., proper hepatic a. liver, upper parts of the duodenum, upper part of the pancreas, right side of the stomach common hepatic a. supplies some of the foregut derivatives
hepatic, left proper hepatic a. segmental aa. left lobe of the liver, quadrate lobe of the liver, part of the caudate lobe of the liver left hepatic a. supplies the liver parenchyma and stroma; an aberrant left hepatic a. may arise from the left gastric a.
hepatic, proper common hepatic a. right gastric, right & left hepatic liver, lesser curvature of the stomach proper hepatic a. supplies the foregut derivatives associated with the liver bud
hepatic, right proper hepatic a. cystic a., segmental aa. right lobe of the liver, part of the caudate lobe of the liver right hepatic a. supplies the liver parenchyma and stroma
highest intercostal costocervical trunk posterior intercostal aa. for intercostal spaces 1-2 intercostal muscles of intercostal spaces 1 and 2, vertebral column, deep back muscles highest intercostal a. is also known as: supreme intercostal a.
humeral, anterior circumflex axillary a., 3rd part unnamed muscular branches deltoid m.; arm muscles near the surgical neck of the humerus anterior circumflex humeral a. anastomoses with the posterior circumflex humeral a.
humeral, posterior circumflex axillary a., 3rd part unnamed muscular branches deltoid; arm muscles near the surgical neck of the humerus posterior circumflex humeral a. anastomoses with the anterior circumflex humeral a.; it passes through the quadrangular space with the axillary nerve


Artery Source Branches Supply to Notes
ileocolic superior mesenteric a. colic br., anterior cecal br., posterior cecal br., appendicular a., ileal br. cecum, appendix, terminal portion of the ileum colic br. of the ileocolic a. participates in the formation of the marginal a.
iliac, common abdominal aorta external iliac a., internal iliac a. pelvis, lower limb abdominal aorta bifurcates at the level of the L4 vertebral body to form the right and left common iliac aa.; the common iliac artery bifurcates anterior to the sacroiliac articulation into its terminal brs. (external iliac a. and internal iliac a.)
iliac, external common iliac a. inferior epigastric a., deep circumflex iliac a., femoral a. lower limb external iliac a. is continuous with the femoral a., the name change occurs at the inguinal ligament; the common iliac artery bifurcates anterior to the sacroiliac articulation
iliac, internal common iliac a. anterior division gives rise to the : umbilical a., obturator a., uterine a., vaginal a., inferior vesical a., middle rectal a., internal pudendal a., inferior gluteal a.; posterior division gives rise to the: iliolumbar a., lateral sacral a., superior gluteal a. pelvic viscera, gluteal region, hip, medial thigh common iliac artery bifurcates anterior to the sacroiliac articulation to form the internal iliac a. and the external iliac a.
iliolumbar internal iliac a., posterior division iliac br., lumbar br. iliacus m., psoas major m., quadratus lumborum m. lumbar br. of the iliolumbar a. sends a small spinal br. into the vertebral canal
inferior alveolar maxillary a. lingual br., mylohyoid a., dental brs., mental a. mandibular teeth and gingiva; mandible; mylohyoid m. inferior alveolar a. runs with the inferior alveolar nerve within the mandibular canal
inferior epigastric external iliac a. cremasteric a. lower rectus abdominis m., pyramidalis m., lower abdominal wall inferior epigastric m. anastomoses with the superior epigastric m. within the rectus abdominis m.
inferior gluteal internal iliac a., anterior division unnamed muscular branches gluteus maximus m., hip joint inferior gluteal a. participates in the formation of the cruciate anastomoses of the hip
inferior labial facial a. no named branches skin, muscles, fasciae and mucosa of the lower lip inferior labial a. shares its region of distribution with branches of the mental a.
inferior laryngeal inferior thyroid a. no named branches internal part of the inferior larynx inferior laryngeal a. accompanies the inferior laryngeal n.
inferior lateral genicular popliteal a. no named branches lateral aspect of the knee inferior lateral genicular a. anastomoses with the other genicular brs. of the popliteal a., circumflex fibular a. and anterior tibial recurrent a. to form the genicular anastomosis
inferior medial genicular popliteal a. no named branches medial aspect of the knee inferior medial genicular a. anastomoses with the other genicular brs. of the popliteal a., circumflex fibular a. and anterior tibial recurrent a. to form the genicular anastomosis
inferior mesenteric abdominal aorta at the level of the L3 vertebral body left colic a., sigmoid aa.(2-3), superior rectal a. splenic flexure, descending colon, sigmoid colon, superior part of rectum branches of the inferior mesenteric a anastomose in the marginal artery
inferior pancreatic dorsal pancreatic, left br. no named branches lower part of the body of the pancreas inferior pancreatic a. may be imbedded in the substance of the gland
inferior pancreaticoduodenal superior mesenteric a. anterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal a., posterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal a. lower duodenum, head of the pancreas inferior pancreaticoduodenal a. supplies both the anterior and posterior surfaces of the lower duodenum and lower part of the head of the pancreas
inferior phrenic abdominal aorta superior suprarenal aa. diaphragm, suprarenal gland inferior phrenic a. is the first abdominal branch of the aorta; it may arise from the celiac trunk
inferior rectal internal pudendal a. no named branches anus, ischioanal fossa inferior rectal a. anastomoses with the middle rectal a. and the superior rectal a.
inferior suprarenal renal a. numerous unnamed branches inferior aspect of the suprarenal gland inferior suprarenal a. may anastomose with the superior suprarenal a.
inferior thyroid thyrocervical trunk ascending cervical a., inferior laryngeal a., esophageal brs., tracheal brs., glandular brs. thyroid gland, lower larynx, upper trachea, upper esophagus, deep neck muscles inferior thyroid a. gives rise to the ascending cervical a. as it arches medially
inferior ulnar collateral brachial a. unnamed muscular branches lower medial arm anastomoses with the anterior ulnar recurrent a.
inferior vesical internal iliac a., anterior division or it may arise from the middle rectal a. no named branches lower part of the urinary bladder, prostate/vagina inferior vesical a. anastomoses with the middle rectal a.
infraorbital maxillary a. anterior superior alveolar a., middle superior alveolar a. maxillary sinus, maxillary incisors, canine and premolar teeth, skin of the cheek below the orbit, mucosa over the maxillary alveolar arch and the adjacent cheek infraorbital a. is one of four terminal branches of the maxillary a. (see also: descending palatine a., sphenopalatine a., posterior superior alveolar a.)
intercostal, anterior internal thoracic a. (upper 6 intercostal spaces), musculophrenic a. (7-10th intercostal spaces) unnamed muscular branches intercostal muscles anteriorly; skin overlying the intercostal muscles there are two anterior intercostal aa. per side per intercostal space, one coursing above and one coursing below each rib
intercostal, highest costocervical trunk posterior intercostal aa. for intercostal spaces 1-2 intercostal muscles of intercostal spaces 1 and 2, vertebral column, deep back muscles highest intercostal a. is also known as: supreme intercostal a.
intercostal, posterior highest intercostal (upper 2 intercostal spaces), descending thoracic aorta (3rd-11th intercostal spaces) posterior br., spinal br., anterior br., collateral br., lateral cutaneous br. intercostal muscles, spinal cord and vertebral column, deep back muscles, skin and superficial fascia overlying the intercostal spaces posterior intercostal aa. supply the lateral and posterior portions of the intercostal space; anterior intercostal aa. supply the anterior portions of the intercostal spaces
internal carotid common carotid a. none in the neck; in the head: ophthalmic a., posterior communicating a., anterior cerebral a., middle cerebral a. brain; eye and orbit; forehead internal carotid a. is the primary blood supply to the brain; it anastomoses with the vertebral aa. and the contralateral internal carotid a. in the cerebral arterial circle (of Willis); anterior and middle cerebral aa. are the terminal brs. of the internal carotid a.
internal iliac common iliac a. anterior division gives rise to the : umbilical a., obturator a., uterine a., vaginal a., inferior vesical a., middle rectal a., internal pudendal a., inferior gluteal a.; posterior division gives rise to the: iliolumbar a., lateral sacral a., superior gluteal a. pelvic viscera, gluteal region, hip, medial thigh common iliac artery bifurcates anterior to the sacroiliac articulation to form the internal iliac a. and the external iliac a.
internal pudendal internal iliac a., anterior division inferior rectal a., perineal a., artery of the bulb of the clitoris/penis, urethral a., deep clitoral/penile a., dorsal clitoral/penile a. anus, muscles of the superficial and deep perineal spaces, clitoris/penis, posterior aspect of the scrotum/labium majus internal pudendal a. is the primary blood supply to the perineum
internal thoracic subclavian a. (1st part) pericardiocophrenic a., perforating brs., anterior intercostal aa., mediastinal brs., thymic brs., musculophrenic a., superior epigastric a. mediastinum, anterior thoracic wall, anterior abdominal wall, respiratory diaphragm internal thoracic a. is also known as: internal mammary a.
interosseous recurrent posterior interosseous a. unnamed muscular branches anconeus m., elbow joint interosseous recurrent a. anastomoses with the middle collateral a.
interosseous, anterior common interosseous a. muscular brs.; a. of the median nerve flexor pollicis longus m., flexor digitorum profundus m., pronator quadratus m., radius, ulna, carpal bones anterior interosseous a. pierces the interosseous membrane at its distal end to reach the dorsal carpal anastomosis
interosseous, common ulnar a. anterior interosseous a., posterior interosseous a. deep structures of the forearm common interosseous a. supplies the deep forearm flexor and deep forearm extensor muscles
interosseous, posterior common interosseous a. interosseous recurrent muscles of the posterior (extensor) forearm compartment: supinator m., abductor pollicis longus m., extensor pollicis longus m., extensor pollicis brevis m., extensor indicis m. posterior interosseous a. passes proximal to the interosseous membrane to reach the extensor compartment of the forearm
intestinal superior mesenteric a. arterial arches jejunum, ileum intestinal aa. are 12-15 in number and are found in the mesentery


Artery Source Branches Supply to Notes
labial, inferior facial a. no named branches skin, muscles, fasciae and mucosa of the lower lip inferior labial a. shares its region of distribution with branches of the mental a.
labial, posterior perineal a. no named branches posterior aspect of the labium majus posterior labial a. courses through the superficial perineal space
labial, superior facial a. septal br. skin, muscles, fasciae and mucosa of the upper lip, lower part of the anterior end of the nasal septum superior labial a. supplies the orbicularis oris m. and the levator labii superioris m.
labyrinthine anterior inferior cerebellar a. (or basilar a.) no named branches internal ear labyrinthine a. accompanies cranial nerves VII and VIII through the internal acoustic meatus
lacrimal ophthalmic a. lateral palpebral aa. (2) lacrimal gland, lateral sides of the eyelids lacrimal a. accompanies the lacrimal n.
laryngeal, inferior inferior thyroid a. no named branches internal part of the inferior larynx inferior laryngeal a. accompanies the inferior laryngeal n.
laryngeal, superior superior thyroid a. no named branches internal aspect of the superior larynx superior laryngeal a. penetrates the thyrohyoid membrane in company with the internal br. of the superior laryngeal n.
lateral mammary lateral thoracic a. no named branches lateral side of the mammary gland mammary gland is a specialization of the skin and is supplied by superficial (cutaneous) arteries
lateral nasal facial a. no named branches lateral side of the nose lateral nasal a. anastomoses with the dorsal nasal a.
lateral palpebral lacrimal a. superior br., inferior br. lateral sides of the upper and lower eyelids the 2 lateral palpebral aa. anastomose with the two medial palpebral aa. to form the superior and inferior palpebral arches
lateral plantar posterior tibial a. proper plantar digital a. to lateral side of 5th digit deep foot; the plantar arterial arch and its brs. supply the toes, including the distal phalangeal segment dorsally lateral plantar a. becomes continuous with the plantar arterial arch
lateral sacral internal iliac a., posterior division spinal brs. sacrum, sacral nerve rootlets, meninges, adjacent muscles there are usually 2 lateral sacral aa. on each side, a superior one and an inferior one
lateral tarsal dorsalis pedis a. no named branches tarsal bones and joints of the lateral foot lateral tarsal a. anastomoses with the arcuate a.
lateral thoracic axillary, 2nd part unnamed muscular branches serratus anterior m., parts of adjacent muscles, skin and fascia of the anterolateral thoracic wall lateral thoracic a. is a rare case in that it enters the serratus anterior from its superficial surface
left bronchial descending thoracic aorta right bronchial a. (occasionally) lower trachea, bronchial tree there are usually two left bronchial aa.
left colic inferior mesenteric a. ascending br., descending br. descending colon left colic a. anastomoses with the middle colic a and the sigmoid a.to form part of the marginal a.
left coronary ascending aorta anterior interventricular a., circumflex a. left ventricle, left atrium, anterosuperior 2/3 of the interventricular septum left coronary a. arises superior to the left cusp of the aortic semilunar valve; during its short course, it is located in the coronary sulcus; the anterior interventricular a. and the circumflex a. are its terminal brs.
left gastric celiac a. esophageal brs. superior part of the stomach near the lesser curvature left gastric a. anastomoses with the right gastric a. on the lesser curvature of the stomach; it also anastomoses with the esophageal brs. of the thoracic aorta
left gastro-omental splenic a. gastric brs., omental brs. mid-part of the stomach near the greater curvature; greater omentum left gastro-omental a. anastomoses with the right gastro-omental a. near the greater curvature of the stomach; also known as: left gastroepiploic a.
left hepatic proper hepatic a. segmental aa. left lobe of the liver, quadrate lobe of the liver, part of the caudate lobe of the liver left hepatic a. supplies the liver parenchyma and stroma; an aberrant left hepatic a. may arise from the left gastric a.
lesser palatine descending palatine a. no named branches muscles of the soft palate, mucosa and glands of the soft palate, upper part of the tonsil bed lesser palatine a. is endangered by anesthetic injections for dental procedures
lingual external carotid a. suprahyoid br., dorsal lingual brs., deep lingual a., sublingual a. tongue, suprahyoid muscles, palatine tonsil lingual a. is the 2nd branch off of the anterior side of the external carotid a.; it may arise in common with the facial a.
lingual, deep lingual a. no named branches anterior tongue deep lingual a. is the terminal br. of the lingual a.
lingual, dorsal lingual a. no named branches posterior tongue, palatine tonsil, soft palate dorsal lingual a. is only one of five arteries that supply the tonsil bed
lumbar abdominal aorta anterior br., posterior br., spinal br. psoas major m., psoas minor m., quadratus lumborum m., spinal cord and vertebral column, deep back muscles the 4 lumbar arteries on each side arise from the posterior surface of the aorta at the level of vertebrae L1-L4; they course posterior to the psoas major m.


Artery Source Branches Supply to Notes
malleolar, anterior lateral anterior tibial a. no named branches lateral side of the ankle anterior lateral malleolar a. anastomoses with the posterior lateral malleolar a. and the perforating br. of the fibular a.
malleolar, anterior medial anterior tibial a. no named branches medial side of the ankle anterior medial malleolar a. anastomoses with the posterior medial malleolar a.
malleolar, posterior lateral fibular a. calcaneal brs. lateral side of the ankle posterior lateral malleolar a. anastomoses with the anterior lateral malleolar a.
malleolar, posterior medial posterior tibial a. no named branches medial side of the ankle posterior medial malleolar a. anastomoses with the anterior medial malleolar a.
mammary, lateral lateral thoracic a. no named branches lateral side of the mammary gland mammary gland is a specialization of the skin and is supplied by superficial (cutaneous) arteries
mammary, medial perforating brs. of the internal thoracic a. no named branches medial side of the mammary gland mammary gland is a specialization of the skin and is supplied by superficial (cutaneous) arteries
marginal formed by anastomoses of branches of the ileocolic a., right colic a., middle colic a., left colic a., sigmoid a. colic brs. colon an important anastomosis for the large intestine
masseteric maxillary a. no named branches masseter m. masseteric a. passes through the mandibular notch to enter the deep surface of the masseter m.
maxillary external carotid a. deep auricular a., anterior tympanic a., middle meningeal a., inferior alveolar a., masseteric a., posterior deep temporal a., anterior deep temporal a., buccal a., posterior superior alveolar a., infraorbital a., a. of the pterygoid canal, descending palatine a., sphenopalatine a. deep face, infratemporal fossa, tympanic cavity, muscles of mastication maxillary a. may course medial or lateral to the lateral pterygoid m.
medial mammary perforating brs. of the internal thoracic a. no named branches medial side of the mammary gland mammary gland is a specialization of the skin and is supplied by superficial (cutaneous) arteries
medial palpebral ophthalmic a. superior br., inferior br. medial aspects of the upper and lower eyelids the 2 medial palpebral aa. anastomose with the two lateral palpebral aa. to form the superior & inferior palpebral arches
medial plantar posterior tibial a. digital brs. (3) medial side of the sole of the foot medial plantar a. anastomoses with the plantar metatarsal aa., but does not usually participate in formation of the plantar arterial arch
medial tarsal dorsalis pedis a. no named branches tarsal bones and joints of the medial side of the foot medial tarsal aa. are 2-3 in number; they anastomose with the medial malleolar aa.
median sacral abdominal aorta 5th lumbar aa. sacrum median sacral a. appears to be the continuation of the abdominal aorta in the median plane, although it is much smaller in size
meningeal, middle maxillary a. frontal br., parietal br., petrous br., superior tympanic br. most of the dura mater (approx. 80%), bones of the cranial vault middle meningeal a. passes through the foramen spinosum; it may be torn by a fracture at the pterion; it is encircled by the auriculotemporal n.
mental inferior alveolar a. no named branches skin, superficial fascia and facial mm. of the chin and lower lip mental a.passes through the mental foramen; it anastomoses with the inferior labial a.; it accompanies the mental n.
mesenteric, inferior abdominal aorta at the level of the L3 vertebral body left colic a., sigmoid aa.(2-3), superior rectal a. splenic flexure, descending colon, sigmoid colon, superior part of rectum branches of the inferior mesenteric a anastomose in the marginal artery
mesenteric, superior abdominal aorta at the level of the lower 1/3 of the L1 vertebral body inferior pancreaticoduodenal a., middle colic a., jejunal a., ileal a., right colic a., ileocolic a. inferior part of the head of the pancreas, distal duodenum, jejunum, ileum, cecum, appendix, ascending colon, transverse colon superior mesenteric a. supplies the midgut derivatives; brs. of the superior mesenteric a. participate in formation of the marginal artery
metacarpal, dorsal 1st: radial a.; 2-4: dorsal carpal arterial arch dorsal digital aa. (2) dorsum of 2 adjacent digits, excluding the distal phalangeal segment each dorsal metacarpal a. gives off a perforating br. that anastomoses with the deep palmar arterial arch
metacarpal, palmar deep palmar arch proper palmar digital aa. interosseous mm., deep hand palmar metacarpal aa. join with the common palmar digital aa.
metatarsal, dorsal dorsalis pedis (1st), arcuate (2nd-4th) dorsal digital aa. (2) dorsum of digits, excluding the distal phalangeal segment each dorsal metatarsal a. gives off a perforating br. that anastomoses with the plantar arterial arch
metatarsal, plantar plantar arterial arch perforating br., plantar digital aa. (2) interosseous mm., deep portions of the foot; digits including the dorsum of the distal phalangeal segment plantar metatarsal aa.anastomose with dorsal metatarsal aa.
middle cerebral internal carotid a. lateral frontobasal a.; prefrontal sulcal a.; precentral sulcal a.; central sulcal a.; anterior parietal a.; posterior parietal a.; anterior, middle and posterior temporal aa. frontal, parietal and temporal lobes, especially on their lateral surfaces the middle cerebral a. is the direct continuation of the internal carotid a.
middle colic superior mesenteric right br., left br. transverse colon middle colic a. anastomoses with the right colic a. and the left colic a. to form part of the marginal a.
middle collateral deep brachial a. unnamed muscular branches medial head of triceps, anconeus anastomoses with the interosseous recurrent a.
middle genicular popliteal a. no named branches cruciate ligaments and deep structures of the knee middle genicular a. anastomoses with the other genicular brs. of the popliteal a., circumflex fibular a. and anterior tibial recurrent a. to form the genicular anastomosis
middle meningeal maxillary a. frontal br., parietal br., petrous br., superior tympanic br. most of the dura mater (approx. 80%), bones of the cranial vault middle meningeal a. passes through the foramen spinosum; it may be torn by a fracture at the pterion; it is encircled by the auriculotemporal n.
middle rectal internal iliac, anterior division no named branches middle portion of the rectum middle rectal a. anastomoses with the inferior rectal a and the superior rectal a.
middle superior alveolar infraorbital a. dental brs., mucosal brs. maxillary premolar teeth; part of the maxillary sinus middle superior alveolar a. is located between the inner and outer tables of bone of the maxilla
middle suprarenal abdominal aorta numerous unnamed branches medial side of the suprarenal gland middle suprarenal a. anastomoses with the superior suprarenal a. and the inferior suprarenal a.
middle temporal superficial temporal a. no named branches temporalis m. middle temporal a. anastomoses with the posterior br. of the deep temporal a.
musculophrenic internal thoracic a. anterior intercostal aa. anterior diaphragm, anterior aspects of intercostal spaces 7-10 or 11 musculophrenic a. supplies muscles that develop in the septum transversum
mylohyoid inferior alveolar a. no named branches mylohyoid m. mylohyoid a. accompanies the mylohyoid n. to the mylohyoid m.; a rare artery because it enters the superficial surface of its target muscle


Artery Source Branches Supply to Notes
nasal, dorsal ophthalmic a. no named branches dorsum of the nose dorsal nasal a. anastomoses with the angular a.
nasal, lateral facial a. no named branches lateral side of the nose lateral nasal a. anastomoses with the dorsal nasal a.
nodal, atrioventricular right coronary a. near the point where it becomes the posterior interventricular a. no named branches atrioventricular node and the surrounding myocardium artery to the atrioventricular node is located at the junction of the coronary sulcus and the posterior interventricular sulcus
nodal, sinuatrial right coronary a. no named branches sinuatrial node and the surrounding myocardium sinuatrial nodal a. is an important artery to locate during cardiac surgical procedures


Artery Source Branches Supply to Notes
obturator internal iliac a., anterior division pubic br., acetabular br., anterior br., posterior br. medial thigh and hip anterior and posterior brs. pass on the anterior and posterior sides of the adductor brevis m.; aberrant obturator a. arises from the inferior epigastric a. in 30% of cases
occipital external carotid a. sternocleidomastoid brs., auricular br., mastoid br., descending br., occipital brs. lateral neck, posterior neck, posterior scalp occipital a. anastomoses with the deep cervical a.; it courses with the greater occipital nerve on the posterior surface of the head
of bulb of penis internal pudendal a. no named branches bulb of the penis and associated tissues artery of the bulb of the penis courses within the deep perineal space to enter the deep surface of the bulb
of bulb of vestibule internal pudendal a. no named branches bulb of the vestibule and associated tissues artery of the bulb of the vestibule courses within the deep perineal space to enter the deep surface of the bulb
ophthalmic internal carotid a. central retinal a., lacrimal a., muscular brs., anterior ethmoidal a., posterior ethmoidal a., medial palpebral a., supraorbital a., supratrochlear a., dorsal nasal a. optic nerve, optic chiasm optic tract, retina, extraocular mm., eyelids, forehead, ethmoidal air cells, lateral nasal wall, dorsum of the nose ophthalmic a. provides the only artery to the retina (central retinal a.)
ovarian abdominal aorta tubal brs., uterine brs. ovary, uterine tube ovarian a. anastomoses with the uterine a.


Artery Source Branches Supply to Notes
palatine, ascending facial a. no named branches superior pharyngeal constrictor, soft palate, palatine tonsil ascending palatine a. shares supply of the tonsil bed with 4 other aa. (see also: tonsillar br. of the facial a., palatine br. of the ascending pharyngeal a., tonsillar br. of the dorsal lingual a., tonsillar br. of the descending palatine a.)
palatine, descending maxillary a. greater palatine a., lesser palatine a. palate descending palatine a. accompanies the greater palatine n. within the palatine canal
palatine, greater descending palatine a. no named branches hard palate, palatine glands, palatine mucosa greater palatine a. accompanies the greater palatine n., it is endangered by anesthetic injections for dental procedures
palatine, lesser descending palatine a. no named branches muscles of the soft palate, mucosa and glands of the soft palate, upper part of the tonsil bed lesser palatine a. is endangered by anesthetic injections for dental procedures
palmar arch, deep radial a., deep br. of ulnar a. palmar metacarpal aa. (2nd-4th), perforating brs. deep palm, digits including the dorsum of the distal phalangeal segment deep palmar arterial arch receives the majority of its blood supply from the radial a.
palmar arch, superficial ulnar a., superficial palmar br. of the radial a. common palmar digital aa. (3) superficial palm, palmar surface of the digits excluding thumb, dorsum of the distal phalangeal segments of digits 2-5 superficial palmar arterial arch receives the majority of its blood supply from the ulnar a.
palmar digital, common superficial palmar arterial arch proper palmar digital aa. (2) palmar aspect two adjacent digits common palmar digital aa. anastomose with palmar metacarpal aa.
palmar digital, proper common palmar digital a. no named branches palmar aspect of each digit proper palmar digital aa. supply the dorsum of the distal phalangeal segment and nail bed
palmar metacarpal deep palmar arch proper palmar digital aa. interosseous mm., deep hand palmar metacarpal aa. join with the common palmar digital aa.
palpebral, lateral lacrimal a. superior br., inferior br. lateral sides of the upper and lower eyelids the 2 lateral palpebral aa. anastomose with the two medial palpebral aa. to form the superior and inferior palpebral arches
palpebral, medial ophthalmic a. superior br., inferior br. medial aspects of the upper and lower eyelids the 2 medial palpebral aa. anastomose with the two lateral palpebral aa. to form the superior & inferior palpebral arches
pancreatic, caudal splenic a. numerous small aa. that supply the pancreas tail of the pancreas caudal pancreatic a. enters the tail of the pancreas near the hilum of the spleen; it may arise from the left gastro-omental a.
pancreatic, dorsal splenic a. right br., left br. neck of the pancreas right br.of the dorsal pancreatic a. anastomoses with the anterior superior pancreaticoduodenal a. in the prepancreatic arcade
pancreatic, inferior dorsal pancreatic, left br. no named branches lower part of the body of the pancreas inferior pancreatic a. may be imbedded in the substance of the gland
pancreatic, superior splenic a. no named branches superior part of the body of the pancreas superior pancreatic aa. are multiple small brs. arising from the splenic a.
pancreatica magna splenic a. numerous unnamed brs. within the pancreas body of the pancreas pancreatic magna is the largest pancreatic branch to arise from the splenic a.; it enters the pancreas at the junction of its middle 1/3 and left 1/3
pancreaticoduodenal, anterior inferior inferior pancreaticoduodenal a. pancreatic brs., duodenal brs. lower duodenum and head of the pancreas anterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal a. anastomoses with the anterior superior pancreaticoduodenal a. to form the anterior pancreatic arcade
pancreaticoduodenal, anterior superior gastroduodenal a. pancreatic brs., duodenal brs. upper duodenum and head of the pancreas anterior superior pancreaticoduodenal a. anastomoses with the anterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal a. to form the anterior pancreatic arcade
pancreaticoduodenal, inferior superior mesenteric a. anterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal a., posterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal a. lower duodenum, head of the pancreas inferior pancreaticoduodenal a. supplies both the anterior and posterior surfaces of the lower duodenum and lower part of the head of the pancreas
pancreaticoduodenal, posterior inferior inferior pancreaticoduodenal a. pancreatic brs., duodenal brs. lower duodenum and head of the pancreas posterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal a. anastomoses with the posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal a. to form the posterior pancreatic arcade
pancreaticoduodenal, posterior superior gastroduodenal a. pancreatic brs., duodenal brs. upper duodenum and head of the pancreas posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal a. anastomoses with the posterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal a. to form the posterior pancreatic arcade
pectoral thoracoacromial trunk unnamed muscular branches pectoralis major m., pectoralis minor m. pectoral a. accompanies the lateral pectoral n.
penis, deep internal pudendal a. no named branches corpus cavernosum of the penis deep a. of the penis and dorsal a. of the penis are the terminal brs. of the internal pudendal a.
penis, dorsal internal pudendal a. no named branches superficial tissues of the penis dorsal a. of the penis and deep a. of the penis are the terminal brs. of the internal pudendal a.
penis, of bulb internal pudendal a. no named branches bulb of the penis and associated tissues artery of the bulb of the penis courses within the deep perineal space to enter the deep surface of the bulb
pericardiacophrenic internal thoracic a. pericardial br., sternal br., mediastinal br. pericardial sac, pleura, diaphragm pericardiacophrenic a. accompanies the phrenic n.
pericardial pericardiacophrenic a. no named branches pericardial sac pericardial a. courses on the external surface of the pericardial sac
perineal internal pudendal a. posterior labial/scrotal; deep br. posterior aspect of the scrotum/labium majus; muscles of the superficial perineal space perineal a. courses superficial to the superficial transverse perineus m.; it courses with the perineal n.
pharyngeal, ascending external carotid pharyngeal brs., inferior tympanic, posterior meningeal pharynx arises from the medial side of the external carotid a. close to the birfurcation
phrenic, inferior abdominal aorta superior suprarenal aa. diaphragm, suprarenal gland inferior phrenic a. is the first abdominal branch of the aorta; it may arise from the celiac trunk
phrenic, superior descending thoracic aorta (2 small brs.) no named branches diaphragm superior phrenic a. anastomoses with the musculophrenic a. and the pericardiacophrenic a.
plantar arterial arch lateral plantar a. plantar metatarsal aa. (4) deep foot; its plantar metatarsal brs. and their brs. supply the toes, including the dorsum of the distal phalangeal segment plantar arterial arch anastomoses with the deep plantar br. of the dorsalis pedis a.
plantar metatarsal plantar arterial arch perforating br., plantar digital aa. (2) interosseous mm., deep portions of the foot; digits including the dorsum of the distal phalangeal segment plantar metatarsal aa.anastomose with dorsal metatarsal aa.
plantar, deep dorsalis pedis plantar metatarsal aa. (4) deep foot; its plantar metatarsal brs. and their brs. supply the toes, including the dorsum of the distal phalangeal segment anastomoses with lateral plantar a. to form the plantar arterial arch; the branches mentioned at left arise from the plantar arterial arch
plantar, lateral posterior tibial a. proper plantar digital a. to lateral side of 5th digit deep foot; the plantar arterial arch and its brs. supply the toes, including the distal phalangeal segment dorsally lateral plantar a. becomes continuous with the plantar arterial arch
plantar, medial posterior tibial a. digital brs. (3) medial side of the sole of the foot medial plantar a. anastomoses with the plantar metatarsal aa., but does not usually participate in formation of the plantar arterial arch
popliteal femoral a. anterior tibial a., posterior tibial a., 5 genicular brs. knee, leg and foot the popliteal a. is the continuation of the femoral a., the name change occurs at the adductor hiatus
posterior auricular external carotid a. stylomastoid br., auricular br., occipital br. part of the external ear, scalp and deeper structures posterior to the ear posterior auricular and greater occipital share their region of distribution
posterior cecal ileocolic a. may give off the appendicular a. posterior surface of the cecum posterior cecal a. supplies the ileocecal junction
posterior cerebral basilar a. posterior cerebral a.; anterior and posterior temporal brs.; medial occipital a. part of the brainstem (oculomotor nucleus, nucleus of Edinger-Westphal, trochlear nucleus); medial and inferior portions of the temporal lobe; occipital lobe the two posterior cerebral aa. are the terminal brs. of the basilar a.
posterior circumflex humeral axillary a., 3rd part unnamed muscular branches deltoid; arm muscles near the surgical neck of the humerus posterior circumflex humeral a. anastomoses with the anterior circumflex humeral a.; it passes through the quadrangular space with the axillary nerve
posterior communicating internal carotid a. perforating aa. an anastomotic connection a vessel of anastomosis which connects the internal carotid a. to the posterior cerebral a.; part of the cerebral arterial circle (of Willis)
posterior deep temporal maxillary a. no named branches posterior part of the temporalis m. posterior deep temporal a. branches in the infratemporal fossa and runs deep to temporalis m.
posterior ethmoidal ophthalmic a. no named branches posterior ethmoidal air cells; olfactory nerves posterior ethmoidal a. leaves the orbit through the posterior ethmoidal foramen
posterior inferior cerebellar vertebral a. posterior spinal a. part of cerebellum; medulla (cochlear nucleus, vestibular nucleus, dorsal motor nucleus of cranial nerve X, nucleus ambiguus) posterior inferior cerebellar a. shares its region of supply with the vertebral a. and anterior spinal a. (watershed region)
posterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal inferior pancreaticoduodenal a. pancreatic brs., duodenal brs. lower duodenum and head of the pancreas posterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal a. anastomoses with the posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal a. to form the posterior pancreatic arcade
posterior intercostal highest intercostal (upper 2 intercostal spaces), descending thoracic aorta (3rd-11th intercostal spaces) posterior br., spinal br., anterior br., collateral br., lateral cutaneous br. intercostal muscles, spinal cord and vertebral column, deep back muscles, skin and superficial fascia overlying the intercostal spaces posterior intercostal aa. supply the lateral and posterior portions of the intercostal space; anterior intercostal aa. supply the anterior portions of the intercostal spaces
posterior interosseous common interosseous a. interosseous recurrent muscles of the posterior (extensor) forearm compartment: supinator m., abductor pollicis longus m., extensor pollicis longus m., extensor pollicis brevis m., extensor indicis m. posterior interosseous a. passes proximal to the interosseous membrane to reach the extensor compartment of the forearm
posterior labial perineal a. no named branches posterior aspect of the labium majus posterior labial a. courses through the superficial perineal space
posterior lateral malleolar fibular a. calcaneal brs. lateral side of the ankle posterior lateral malleolar a. anastomoses with the anterior lateral malleolar a.
posterior medial malleolar posterior tibial a. no named branches medial side of the ankle posterior medial malleolar a. anastomoses with the anterior medial malleolar a.
posterior radicular they arise as multiple branches of several vessels (vertebral, posterior intercostal, lumbar, and lateral sacral aa.) no named branches meninges; spinal cord; spinal nerve; dorsal rootlets posterior radicular aa. accompany the dorsal rootlets; they anastomose with the posterior spinal aa.
posterior scrotal perineal a. no named branches posterior aspect of the scrotum posterior scrotal a. passes superficial to the superficial transverse perineus m.
posterior septal sphenopalatine a. (several small brs.) no named branches posterior aspect of the nasal septum posterior septal a. supplies the mucous membrane of the nasal septum
posterior spinal contributions received from several arteries (posterior inferior cerebellar, vertebral, posterior intercostal, subcostal, lumbar, lateral sacral aa.) pial arterial plexus spinal cord, especially the dorsal columns; medulla (nucleus cuneatus and nucleus gracilis) paired; posterior spinal aa. anastomose with the posterior radicular brs. of the spinal rami of the vertebral, posterior intercostal, subcostal, lumbar and lateral sacral aa.
posterior superior alveolar maxillary a. dental brs., mucosal brs. maxillary molar teeth; part of the maxillary sinus posterior superior alveolar a. enters the maxilla in the infratemporal fossa
posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal gastroduodenal a. pancreatic brs., duodenal brs. upper duodenum and head of the pancreas posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal a. anastomoses with the posterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal a. to form the posterior pancreatic arcade
posterior tibial popliteal a. fibular a. (peroneal), circumflex fibular a., nutrient a. of the tibia, communicating br., posterior medial malleolar brs., medial calcaneal brs., lateral plantar a., medial plantar a. posterior and lateral leg, plantar aspect of the foot posterior tibial a. is the direct continuation of the popliteal a. the name change occurs at the inferior border of the popliteus m. where the popliteal a. bifurcates; the tibial a. bifurcates on the medial side of the foot to give rise to the medial plantar a. and lateral plantar a.
posterior tibial recurrent anterior tibial a. no named branches posterior knee, popliteus m. anastomoses with the other genicular aa. to participate in the formation of the genicular anastomosis
posterior ulnar recurrent ulnar a. unnamed muscular branches medial side of the elbow, forearm flexor mm. posterior ulnar recurrent a. often arises from a common trunk with the anterior ulnar recurrent a.
princeps pollicis radial a. two brs. to the thumb palmar aspect of the thumb including the dorsum of the distal phalangeal segment arteria princeps pollicis is similar in function to a proper digital aa.; this artery has a large pulse which can be felt when attempting to take the pulse of a patient - use fingers to feel for the patient's pulse
proper hepatic common hepatic a. right gastric, right & left hepatic liver, lesser curvature of the stomach proper hepatic a. supplies the foregut derivatives associated with the liver bud
proper palmar digital common palmar digital a. no named branches palmar aspect of each digit proper palmar digital aa. supply the dorsum of the distal phalangeal segment and nail bed
proper plantar digital plantar metatarsal a., from the plantar arterial arch no named branches plantar aspect of each digit proper plantar digital aa. supply the dorsum of the distal phalangeal segment and nail bed
pudendal, deep external femoral a. unnamed muscular branches origins of pectineus m., adductor longus m.; scrotum/labium majus deep external pudendal a. may arise from the medial circumflex femoral a.
pudendal, internal internal iliac a., anterior division inferior rectal a., perineal a., artery of the bulb of the clitoris/penis, urethral a., deep clitoral/penile a., dorsal clitoral/penile a. anus, muscles of the superficial and deep perineal spaces, clitoris/penis, posterior aspect of the scrotum/labium majus internal pudendal a. is the primary blood supply to the perineum
pudendal, superficial external femoral a. no named branches skin and superficial fascia of the upper medial thigh, skin of the pubic region superficial external pudendal a. is one of three superficial branches of the femoral a. near the inguinal ligament (see also: superficial circumflex iliac a., superficial epigastric a.)
pulmonary trunk right ventricle right pulmonary a., left pulmonary aa. lungs the pulmonary trunk carries deoxygenated blood from the heart to the right and left pulmonary aa.; each pulmonary a. carries deoxygenated blood to the hilum of one lung; bronchial aa. supply oxygenated blood to the tissues of the lung as far distally in the bronchial tree as the respiratory bronchioles


ArterySourceBranchesSupply toNotes
quadrigeminalposterior cerebral no named branches trochlear nerve; corpora quadrigemina blockage of the quadrigeminal a. results in paralysis of the superior oblique m. of the eye


Artery Source Branches Supply to Notes
radial brachial a. radial recurrent a., palmar carpal br., superficial palmar br., dorsal carpal br., 1st dorsal metacarpal a., princeps pollicis a., radialis indicis a., deep palmar arterial arch posterior elbow, posterior forearm, posterior hand, deep portion of palmar side of the hand, thumb radial a. provides the majority of blood supply to the deep palmar arterial arch; normally it arises at the level of the elbow but may high branching of the brachial a. may result in the radial a. arising as proximal as the axilla
radial collateral deep brachial a. unnamed muscular branches lower lateral arm travels with the radial nerve; anastomoses with the radial recurrent a.
radial recurrent radial a. unnamed muscular branches lateral side of the elbow and adjacent extensor muscles radial recurrent a. anastomoses with the radial collateral a.; it courses in the groove between the brachioradialis m. and the brachialis m.
radialis indicis radial a. no named branches lateral (radial) side of the index finger arteria radialis indicis is equivalent to a proper digital a.
radicular, anterior they arise as multiple branches of several vessels (vertebral, posterior intercostal, lumbar, and lateral sacral aa.) they accompany the ventral rootlets to reach the spinal cord meninges; spinal cord; spinal nerve; ventral rootlets anterior radicular aa. anastomose with the anterior spinal a.
radicular, great anterior the spinal br. of the lower posterior intercostal a., subcostal a., or upper lumbar a., usually on left no named branches lower spinal cord great anterior radicular a. anastomoses with the anterior spinal a. at lower thoracic or upper lumbar spinal cord levels
radicular, posterior they arise as multiple branches of several vessels (vertebral, posterior intercostal, lumbar, and lateral sacral aa.) no named branches meninges; spinal cord; spinal nerve; dorsal rootlets posterior radicular aa. accompany the dorsal rootlets; they anastomose with the posterior spinal aa.
rectal, inferior internal pudendal a. no named branches anus, ischioanal fossa inferior rectal a. anastomoses with the middle rectal a. and the superior rectal a.
rectal, middle internal iliac, anterior division no named branches middle portion of the rectum middle rectal a. anastomoses with the inferior rectal a and the superior rectal a.
rectal, superior inferior mesenteric a. two unnamed branches superior part of the rectum superior rectal a. is the continuation of the inferior mesenteric a. after the sigmoid brs. are given off; it anastomoses with the middle rectal a. and the inferior rectal a.
recurrent, anterior tibial anterior tibial a. no named branches anterior side of the knee and adjacent muscles anterior tibial recurrent a. anastomoses with the genicular aa. to participate in the formation of the genicular anastomosis
recurrent, anterior ulnar ulnar a. unnamed muscular brs. medial side of elbow and proximal ends of forearm flexor mm. anterior ulnar recurrent a. often arises in common with the posterior ulnar recurrent a.
recurrent, interosseous posterior interosseous a. unnamed muscular branches anconeus m., elbow joint interosseous recurrent a. anastomoses with the middle collateral a.
recurrent, posterior tibial anterior tibial a. no named branches posterior knee, popliteus m. anastomoses with the other genicular aa. to participate in the formation of the genicular anastomosis
recurrent, posterior ulnar ulnar a. unnamed muscular branches medial side of the elbow, forearm flexor mm. posterior ulnar recurrent a. often arises from a common trunk with the anterior ulnar recurrent a.
recurrent, radial radial a. unnamed muscular branches lateral side of the elbow and adjacent extensor muscles radial recurrent a. anastomoses with the radial collateral a.; it courses in the groove between the brachioradialis m. and the brachialis m.
renal abdominal aorta at the level of the upper border of the L2 vertebra inferior suprarenal a., apical segmental a., anterior br: superior anterior segmental a., middle anterior segmental a., inferior segmental a.; posterior br.: posterior segmental a. kidney, upper ureter, suprarenal gland the right renal a. is longer than the left renal artery; the right renal artery passes posterior to the inferior vena cava
retroduodenal gastroduodenal a. multiple unnamed brs. posterior portion of the 1st part of the duodenum retroduodenal aa. arise as multiple small brs.
right colic superior mesenteric (or br. of) ascending br., descending br. ascending colon right colic a. anastomoses with the ileocolic a. and the middle colic a. to form part of the marginal a.
right coronary ascending aorta sinuatrial nodal a., right marginal a., posterior interventricular a., atrioventricular nodal a. right ventricle, right atrium, inferior 1/3 of the interventricular septum right coronary a. usually provides the posterior interventricular a.; it courses within the coronary sulcus
right gastric proper hepatic a. no named branches inferior part of the stomach near the lesser curvature right gastric a. anastomoses with the left gastric a. on the lesser curvature of the stomach
right gastro-omental gastroduodenal a. gastric brs., omental brs. lower part of the pyloric region of the stomach, right part of greater curvature of the stomach, greater omentum right gastro-omental a anastomoses with the left gastro-omental a. near the greater curvature of the stomach; also known as: right gastroepiploic a.
right hepatic proper hepatic a. cystic a., segmental aa. right lobe of the liver, part of the caudate lobe of the liver right hepatic a. supplies the liver parenchyma and stroma


Artery Source Branches Supply to Notes
sacral, lateral internal iliac a., posterior division spinal brs. sacrum, sacral nerve rootlets, meninges, adjacent muscles there are usually 2 lateral sacral aa. on each side, a superior one and an inferior one
sacral, median abdominal aorta 5th lumbar aa. sacrum median sacral a. appears to be the continuation of the abdominal aorta in the median plane, although it is much smaller in size
scapular, circumflex subscapular a. unnamed muscular branches teres major m., teres minor m., infraspinatus m. circumflex scapular a. anastomoses with the suprascapular a. and the dorsal scapular a. to form the scapular anastomosis
scapular, dorsal subclavian a., 3rd part unnamed muscular branches levator scapulae m., rhomboideus major m., rhomboideus minor m. dorsal scapular a. anastomoses with the suprascapular a. and the subscapular a. to form the scapular anastomosis; dorsal scapular a is a branch of the transverse cervical a. in ~30% of cases
scrotal, posterior perineal a. no named branches posterior aspect of the scrotum posterior scrotal a. passes superficial to the superficial transverse perineus m.
septal, posterior sphenopalatine a. (several small brs.) no named branches posterior aspect of the nasal septum posterior septal a. supplies the mucous membrane of the nasal septum
short gastric splenic a. no named branches fundus and upper part of the stomach near the greater curvature short gastric aa. reach the stomach by passing through the gastrosplenic ligament; they are usually 4-5 in number
sigmoid inferior mesenteric a. ascending br., descending br. sigmoid colon sigmoid aa. are 2-3 in number; they anastomose with the left colic a. to help form the marginal a.
sinuatrial nodal right coronary a. no named branches sinuatrial node and the surrounding myocardium sinuatrial nodal a. is an important artery to locate during cardiac surgical procedures
sphenopalatine maxillary a. posterior lateral nasal brs., posterior septal brs. posterolateral nasal wall, posteroinferior nasal septum, hard palate behind the maxillary incisor teeth sphenopalatine a. accompanies the nasopalatine n.
spinal, anterior contributions received from several arteries (vertebral, posterior intercostal, subcostal, lumbar, lateral sacral aa.) pial arterial plexus meninges; spinal cord; medulla (dorsal motor nucleus of cranial nerve X, nucleus ambiguus, spinal accessory nucleus and hypoglossal nucleus) the anterior spinal a. anastomoses with the anterior radicular brs. of the spinal rami of the vertebral, posterior intercostal, subcostal, lumbar and lateral sacral aa.
spinal, posterior contributions received from several arteries (posterior inferior cerebellar, vertebral, posterior intercostal, subcostal, lumbar, lateral sacral aa.) pial arterial plexus spinal cord, especially the dorsal columns; medulla (nucleus cuneatus and nucleus gracilis) paired; posterior spinal aa. anastomose with the posterior radicular brs. of the spinal rami of the vertebral, posterior intercostal, subcostal, lumbar and lateral sacral aa.
splenic celiac trunk dorsal pancreatic a., pancreatic brs., pancreatica magna a., caudal pancreatic a., short gastric aa., left gastro-omental a., splenic brs. pancreas, spleen, greater curvature of the stomach splenic a. courses through the substance of the pancreas near its superior border; splenic artery is very tortuous
stylomastoid posterior auricular a. no named branches tympanic cavity, mastoid air cells stylomastoid br. of the posterior auricular a. passes through the stylomastoid foramen in company with the facial n.
subclavian brachiocephalic a. (right), aortic arch (left) 1st part: vertebral a., thyrocervical trunk, internal thoracic a.; 2nd part: costocervical trunk; 3rd part: dorsal scapular a. (70%) neck, brain, spinal cord, thyroid gland, larynx, shoulder, chest muscles, upper limb subclavian a. is continuous with the axillary a., the name change occurs at the lateral border of the first rib; anterior scalene muscle passes anterior to the subclavian a., dividing it into 3 parts
subcostal descending thoracic aorta spinal br., collateral br., lateral cutaneous br. vertebrae, spinal cord; muscles, skin & fascia of the upper abdominal wall subcostal a. is equivalent to a posterior intercostal a., but is named subcostal because it courses inferior to the 12th rib
sublingual lingual a. no named branches mylohyoid m., sublingual gland, floor of the mouth sublingual a. is one of three branches of the lingual a. (see also: dorsal lingual a., deep lingual a.)
submental facial a. no named branches muscles, skin and fascia under the chin; submandibular gland submental a. supplies the submandibular gland and the mylohyoid m. in addition to the skin and superficial fascia
subscapular axillary a., 3rd part circumflex scapular a., thoracodorsal a. subscapularis m., teres major m., teres minor m., infraspinatus m. the circumflex scapular branch of the subscapular a.anastomoses with the suprascapular a. and the dorsal scapular a. in the scapular anastomosis
superficial epigastric femoral a. cutaneous brs. superficial fascia and skin of the lower abdominal wall superficial epigastric a. is one of three superficial arteries that arise from the femoral a. (see also: superficial circumflex iliac a. and superficial external pudendal a.)
superficial external pudendal femoral a. no named branches skin and superficial fascia of the upper medial thigh, skin of the pubic region superficial external pudendal a. is one of three superficial branches of the femoral a. near the inguinal ligament (see also: superficial circumflex iliac a., superficial epigastric a.)
superficial palmar arch ulnar a., superficial palmar br. of the radial a. common palmar digital aa. (3) superficial palm, palmar surface of the digits excluding thumb, dorsum of the distal phalangeal segments of digits 2-5 superficial palmar arterial arch receives the majority of its blood supply from the ulnar a.
superficial temporal external carotid a. transverse facial a.; anterior auricular brs.; zygomatico-orbital a.; middle temporal a.; frontal br.; parietal br. scalp of the lateral side of the head; lateral face; temporalis m. superficial temporal a. and maxillary a. are the terminal branches of the external carotid a.
superior cerebellar basilar a. no named branches upper cerebellum; trochlear nucleus there may be more than one superior cerebellar a. arising from the basilar a. on each side
superior epigastric internal thoracic a. no named branches upper rectus abdominis m., upper abdominal wall superior epigastric a. is the direct continuation of the internal thoracic a.; it s anastomoses with the inferior epigastric a. within the rectus abdominis m.
superior gluteal internal iliac, posterior division superficial br., deep br. gluteus maximus m., gluteus medius m., gluteus minimus m., hip joint superior gluteal a. participates in the formation of the cruciate anastomoses of the hip
superior labial facial a. septal br. skin, muscles, fasciae and mucosa of the upper lip, lower part of the anterior end of the nasal septum superior labial a. supplies the orbicularis oris m. and the levator labii superioris m.
superior laryngeal superior thyroid a. no named branches internal aspect of the superior larynx superior laryngeal a. penetrates the thyrohyoid membrane in company with the internal br. of the superior laryngeal n.
superior lateral genicular popliteal a. no named branches lateral aspect of knee superior lateral genicular a. anastomoses with the other genicular brs. of the popliteal a., circumflex fibular a. and anterior tibial recurrent a. to form the genicular anastomosis
superior medial genicular popliteal a. no named branches medial aspect of knee superior medial genicular a. anastomoses with the other genicular brs. of the popliteal a., circumflex fibular a. and anterior tibial recurrent a. to form the genicular anastomosis
superior mesenteric abdominal aorta at the level of the lower 1/3 of the L1 vertebral body inferior pancreaticoduodenal a., middle colic a., jejunal a., ileal a., right colic a., ileocolic a. inferior part of the head of the pancreas, distal duodenum, jejunum, ileum, cecum, appendix, ascending colon, transverse colon superior mesenteric a. supplies the midgut derivatives; brs. of the superior mesenteric a. participate in formation of the marginal artery
superior pancreatic splenic a. no named branches superior part of the body of the pancreas superior pancreatic aa. are multiple small brs. arising from the splenic a.
superior phrenic descending thoracic aorta (2 small brs.) no named branches diaphragm superior phrenic a. anastomoses with the musculophrenic a. and the pericardiacophrenic a.
superior rectal inferior mesenteric a. two unnamed branches superior part of the rectum superior rectal a. is the continuation of the inferior mesenteric a. after the sigmoid brs. are given off; it anastomoses with the middle rectal a. and the inferior rectal a.
superior suprarenal inferior phrenic a. multiple small aa. superior aspect of the suprarenal gland superior suprarenal aa. are numerous small vessels that enter the suprarenal gland independently
superior thoracic axillary a., 1st part unnamed muscular branches muscles of intercostal spaces 1 and 2 superior thoracic a. anastomoses with the intercostal aa. for intercostal spaces 1 and 2
superior thyroid external carotid a. infrahyoid br., sternocleidomastoid br., superior laryngeal a., cricothyroid br., glandular brs. thyroid gland, upper part of the larynx, infrahyoid mm., sternocleidomastoid m. superior thyroid a. is usually the first branch of the external carotid a.
superior ulnar collateral brachial a. unnamed muscular branches medial arm muscles travels with the ulnar nerve; anastomoses with posterior ulnar recurrent a.
superior vesical umbilical a. no named branches superior aspect of the bladder superior vesical aa.arise from the umbilical a. proximal to where its lumen becomes obliterated
supraduodenal gastroduodenal a. no named branches superior portion of the 1st part of the duodenum supraduodenal a. supplies branches to both the anterior and posterior surfaces of the duodenum
supraorbital ophthalmic a. no named branches muscles, skin and fascia of the forehead supraorbital a. accompanies the supraorbital n.
suprarenal, inferior renal a. numerous unnamed branches inferior aspect of the suprarenal gland inferior suprarenal a. may anastomose with the superior suprarenal a.
suprarenal, middle abdominal aorta numerous unnamed branches medial side of the suprarenal gland middle suprarenal a. anastomoses with the superior suprarenal a. and the inferior suprarenal a.
suprarenal, superior inferior phrenic a. multiple small aa. superior aspect of the suprarenal gland superior suprarenal aa. are numerous small vessels that enter the suprarenal gland independently
suprascapular thyrocervical trunk muscular supraspinatus & infraspinatus, shoulder joint anastomoses with the circumflex scapular a. and the dorsal scapular a. to form the scapular anastomosis
supratrochlear ophthalmic a. no named branches muscles, skin and fascia of the medial forehead supratrochlear a. accompanies the supratrochlear n.
sural popliteal a. unnamed muscular aa. gastrocnemius m., soleus m., plantaris m. sural aa. are often confused with the inferior genicular aa. during dissection


Artery Source Branches Supply to Notes
tarsal, lateral dorsalis pedis a. no named branches tarsal bones and joints of the lateral foot lateral tarsal a. anastomoses with the arcuate a.
tarsal, medial dorsalis pedis a. no named branches tarsal bones and joints of the medial side of the foot medial tarsal aa. are 2-3 in number; they anastomose with the medial malleolar aa.
temporal, anterior deep maxillary a. no named branches anterior part of temporalis m. and surrounding deep tissues anterior deep temporal a. branches in the infratemporal fossa and runs deep to temporalis m.
temporal, middle superficial temporal a. no named branches temporalis m. middle temporal a. anastomoses with the posterior br. of the deep temporal a.
temporal, posterior deep maxillary a. no named branches posterior part of the temporalis m. posterior deep temporal a. branches in the infratemporal fossa and runs deep to temporalis m.
temporal, superficial external carotid a. transverse facial a.; anterior auricular brs.; zygomatico-orbital a.; middle temporal a.; frontal br.; parietal br. scalp of the lateral side of the head; lateral face; temporalis m. superficial temporal a. and maxillary a. are the terminal branches of the external carotid a.
testicular abdominal aorta ureteric brs. testis, epididymis, lower part of the ductus deferens, ureter near its midpoint testicular a. is one of the contents of the spermatic cord; the origin of the testicular a. from the aorta at the L2 vertebral level indicates the embryonic level of origin of the testis prior to its descent
thoracic, internal subclavian a. (1st part) pericardiocophrenic a., perforating brs., anterior intercostal aa., mediastinal brs., thymic brs., musculophrenic a., superior epigastric a. mediastinum, anterior thoracic wall, anterior abdominal wall, respiratory diaphragm internal thoracic a. is also known as: internal mammary a.
thoracic, lateral axillary a., 2nd part unnamed muscular branches serratus anterior m., parts of adjacent muscles, skin and fascia of the anterolateral thoracic wall lateral thoracic a. is a rare case in that it enters the serratus anterior from its superficial surface
thoracic, superior axillary a., 1st part unnamed muscular branches muscles of intercostal spaces 1 and 2 superior thoracic a. anastomoses with the intercostal aa. for intercostal spaces 1 and 2
thoracoacromial axillary a., 2nd part pectoral br., clavicular br., acromial br., deltoid br. pectoralis major m., pectoralis minor m., subclavius m., deltoid m., shoulder joint thoracoacromial trunk pierces the costocoracoid membrane
thoracodorsal subscapular a. unnamed muscular branches latissimus dorsi m. thoracodorsal a. accompanies the thoracodorsal n.
thyrocervical trunk subclavian a., 1st part inferior thyroid a., transverse cervical a., suprascapular a. lower neck, posterior shoulder, thyroid gland thyrocervical trunk does not give rise to the ascending cervical a.- it is a branch of the inferior thyroid a.
thyroid, inferior thyrocervical trunk ascending cervical a., inferior laryngeal a., esophageal brs., tracheal brs., glandular brs. thyroid gland, lower larynx, upper trachea, upper esophagus, deep neck muscles inferior thyroid a. gives rise to the ascending cervical a. as it arches medially
thyroid, superior external carotid a. infrahyoid br., sternocleidomastoid br., superior laryngeal a., cricothyroid br., glandular brs. thyroid gland, upper part of the larynx, infrahyoid mm., sternocleidomastoid m. superior thyroid a. is usually the first branch of the external carotid a.
thyroidea ima brachiocephalic a. or aortic arch no named branches isthmus of the thyroid gland, upper trachea thyroidea ima a. is present in 10% of individuals; it is clinically significant because it is a midline artery in the region of tracheostomy; ima means "lowest"
tibial recurrent, anterior anterior tibial a. no named branches anterior side of the knee and adjacent muscles anterior tibial recurrent a. anastomoses with the genicular aa. to participate in the formation of the genicular anastomosis
tibial recurrent, posterior anterior tibial a. no named branches posterior knee, popliteus m. anastomoses with the other genicular aa. to participate in the formation of the genicular anastomosis
tibial, anterior popliteal a. anterior tibial recurrent a., posterior tibial recurrent a., anterior malleolar a., medial malleolar a., lateral malleolar a., dorsalis pedis a. anterior leg; dorsum of foot and deep foot anterior tibial a. becomes continuous with the dorsalis pedis a.; the name change occurs at the level of the ankle joint
tibial, posterior popliteal a. fibular a. (peroneal), circumflex fibular a., nutrient a. of the tibia, communicating br., posterior medial malleolar brs., medial calcaneal brs., lateral plantar a., medial plantar a. posterior and lateral leg, plantar aspect of the foot posterior tibial a. is the direct continuation of the popliteal a. the name change occurs at the inferior border of the popliteus m. where the popliteal a. bifurcates; the tibial a. bifurcates on the medial side of the foot to give rise to the medial plantar a. and lateral plantar a.
transverse cervical thyrocervical trunk unnamed muscular branches, possibly the dorsal scapular a. trapezius muscle and surrounding tissues transverse cervical a. gives rise to the dorsal scapular a. ~30% of the time
transverse facial superficial temporal a. no named branches parotid gland, masseter m., facial muscles and skin transverse facial a. anastomoses with branches of the buccal, infraorbital and facial aa.
trunk, brachiocephalic aortic arch right common carotid a., right subclavian a. right side of the head and neck; right upper limb and right side of the chest wall there is only one brachiocephalic trunk
trunk, celiac abdominal aorta at the level of the T12-L1 intervertebral disc left gastric a., splenic a., common hepatic a. stomach, lower esophagus, liver, upper duodenum, pancreas, spleen celiac trunk supplies the foregut derivatives
trunk, costocervical subclavian a., 2nd part deep cervical a., highest intercostal a. deep muscles of the posterior neck; posterior ends of the first 2 intercostal spaces costocervical trunk is located between the anterior scalene m. and the middle scalene m.; it arches posteriorly over the cervical parietal pleura
trunk, pulmonary right ventricle right pulmonary a., left pulmonary aa. lungs the pulmonary trunk carries deoxygenated blood from the heart to the right and left pulmonary aa.; each pulmonary a. carries deoxygenated blood to the hilum of one lung; bronchial aa. supply oxygenated blood to the tissues of the lung as far distally in the bronchial tree as the respiratory bronchioles
tympanic, anterior maxillary a. no named branches middle ear anterior tympanic a. passes through the petrotympanic fissure along with the chorda tympani n.
trunk, thyrocervical subclavian a., 1st part inferior thyroid a., transverse cervical a., suprascapular a. lower neck, posterior shoulder, thyroid gland thyrocervical trunk does not give rise to the ascending cervical a.- it is a branch of the inferior thyroid a.


Artery Source Branches Supply to Notes
ulnar brachial a. anterior ulnar recurrent a., posterior ulnar recurrent a., common interosseous a., palmar carpal br., dorsal carpal br., deep palmar br., superficial palmar arterial arch medial side of the anterior forearm, posterior forearm, superficial palm, fingers ulnar a. supplies the majority of blood to the superficial palmar arterial arch; it normally arises at the level of the elbow, but high branching of the brachial a. may cause the ulnar a. to arise as far proximally as the axilla
ulnar collateral, inferior brachial a. unnamed muscular branches lower medial arm anastomoses with the anterior ulnar recurrent a.
ulnar collateral, superior brachial a. unnamed muscular branches medial arm muscles travels with the ulnar nerve; anastomoses with posterior ulnar recurrent a.
ulnar recurrent, anterior ulnar a. unnamed muscular brs. medial side of elbow and proximal ends of forearm flexor mm. anterior ulnar recurrent a. often arises in common with the posterior ulnar recurrent a.
ulnar recurrent, posterior ulnar a. unnamed muscular branches medial side of the elbow, forearm flexor mm. posterior ulnar recurrent a. often arises from a common trunk with the anterior ulnar recurrent a.
umbilical internal iliac a., anterior division superior vesical aa., a. of the ductus deferens superior part of the bladder; ductus deferens distal to the branches described at left, the lumen of the umbilical a. becomes obliterated after birth and the remnant of the vessel becomes the medial umbilical ligament
urethral internal pudendal a. no named branches penile urethra urethral a. branches off of the internal pudendal a. within the deep perineal space
uterine internal iliac a., anterior division tubal br., vaginal br. uterus, uterine tube uterine a. anastomoses with the ovarian a. and the vaginal a.; it passes superior to the ureter in the pelvis; remember the saying "water under the bridge"


Artery Source Branches Supply to Notes
vaginal internal iliac a., anterior division; occasionally it arises from uterine a. numerous unnamed branches vagina anastomoses with the uterine a.; participates in the formation of the azygos arteries along the lateral surface of the vagina
vertebral subclavian a.(1st part) spinal brs., muscular brs., anterior spinal a., posterior inferior cerebellar a., medullary brs., meningeal brs., basilar a. deep neck, cervical spinal cord, spinal cord; medulla (dorsal motor nucleus of cranial nerve X, nucleus ambiguus, spinal accessory nucleus and hypoglossal nucleus) vertebral a. anastomoses with the internal carotid a. in the cerebral arterial circle (of Willis); it courses through the transverse foramina of vertebrae C1-C6
vesical, inferior internal iliac a., anterior division or it may arise from the middle rectal a. no named branches lower part of the urinary bladder, prostate/vagina inferior vesical a. anastomoses with the middle rectal a.
vesical, superior umbilical a. no named branches superior aspect of the bladder superior vesical aa.arise from the umbilical a. proximal to where its lumen becomes obliterated
vestibule, bulb of internal pudendal a. no named branches bulb of the vestibule and associated tissues artery of the bulb of the vestibule courses within the deep perineal space to enter the deep surface of the bulb


Some of the material presented in these tables is contained in the book:
MedCharts Anatomy by Thomas R. Gest and Jaye Schlesinger
Published by ILOC, Inc., New York. Copyright 1995.

The content of these tables has been edited for use in this course by Patrick W. Tank, Ph.D.
Copyright 2009, Department of Neurobiology and Developmental Sciences, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences.
Unauthorized use is prohibited.



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