UAMS Department of Neurobiology and Developmental Sciences - Veins of the Pelvis and Perineum

Gross Anatomy


NOTE: Many veins follow the branching and distribution pattern of the artery of the same name. This table contains veins that do not travel with an artery of the same name, or that run an independent course from the artery of the same name. See also: Artery Tables.


Selected Veins of the Pelvis and Perineum - Listed Alphabetically

Vein Tributaries Drains Into Regions Drained Notes
deep dorsal v. of the clitoris many unnamed tributaries vesical venous plexus erectile tissue of the clitoris deep dorsal v. of the clitoris passes anterosuperior to the urogenital diaphragm (between the arcuate pubic ligament and the transverse ligament of the perineum) to enter the pelvic cavity; an unpaired vein
deep dorsal v. of the penis many unnamed tributaries prostatic venous plexus erectile tissue of the penis deep dorsal v. of the penis passes anterosuperior to the urogenital diaphragm (between the arcuate pubic ligament and the transverse ligament of the perineum) to enter the pelvic cavity; an unpaired vein
deep external pudendal v. part of the drainage of the superficial dorsal v. of the penis/clitoris femoral skin and superficial fascia of the penis/clitoris; pubic region deep external pudendal v. shares its region of drainage with the superficial external pudendal v.
internal pudendal v. deep dorsal v. of the penis/clitoris, v. of the bulb, posterior labial/scrotal v., inferior rectal v. internal iliac crus and bulb of the clitoris/penis; urogenital region, anal region internal pudendal v. passes through the pudendal canal
of clitoris, deep dorsal many unnamed tributaries vesical venous plexus erectile tissue of the clitoris deep dorsal v. of the clitoris passes anterosuperior to the urogenital diaphragm (between the arcuate pubic ligament and the transverse ligament of the perineum) to enter the pelvic cavity; an unpaired vein
of clitoris, superficial dorsal no named tributaries superficial external pudendal v. skin and superficial fascia of the clitoris superficial dorsal v. of the clitoris is located superficial to the deep fascia of the clitoris
of penis, deep dorsal many unnamed tributaries prostatic venous plexus erectile tissue of the penis deep dorsal v. of the penis passes anterosuperior to the urogenital diaphragm (between the arcuate pubic ligament and the transverse ligament of the perineum) to enter the pelvic cavity; an unpaired vein
of penis, superficial dorsal no named tributaries superficial external pudendal v. skin and superficial fascia of the penis superficial dorsal v. of the penis is located superficial to the deep fascia of the penis
ovarian v. no named tributaries right: inferior vena cava; left: left renal v. ovary and the distal part of the uterine tube; ureter connects with the uterine v.; a pampiniform plexus occurs, but is not as well developed as that seen in the male
pampiniform venous plexus no named tributaries becomes the testicular vein at the deep inguinal ring testis, epididymis, ductus deferens pampiniform venous plexus surrounds the testicular a. to cool arterial blood before it reaches the testis
plexus, pampiniform venous no named tributaries becomes the testicular vein at the deep inguinal ring testis, epididymis, ductus deferens pampiniform venous plexus surrounds the testicular a. to cool arterial blood before it reaches the testis
plexus, prostatic venous deep dorsal v. of the penis internal iliac v. penis and the prostate gland prostatic venous plexus is connected with the vesical venous plexus
plexus, rectal venous no named tributaries superior, middle & inferior rectal vv. rectum and anal canal; anus rectal venous plexus is a site of portal-caval anastomosis
plexus, uterine venous multiple tributaries from the uterus; deep dorsal v. of the clitoris uterine vv. to the internal iliac v. uterus & uterine tubes connects with the ovarian v. and the vaginal venous plexus
plexus, vaginal venous multiple tributaries from the vagina vaginal v. to the internal iliac v. or uterine v. vagina connects with the uterine venous plexus, the vesical venous plexus and the rectal venous plexus
plexus, vertebral venous, external intervertebral vv. adjacent segmental vv.; vertebral v. in the cervical region vertebral column and associated muscles two plexuses are described: anterior and posterior; connects with the internal vertebral venous plexus
plexus, vertebral venous, internal anterior and posterior longitudinal vertebral sinuses adjacent segmental vv. spinal cord, meninges, vertebral column connects with the external vertebral venous plexuses; valveless; a route for potential spread of metastases from the pelvis to the brain
plexus, vesical venous multiple tributaries from the bladder in both sexes superior and inferior vesical vv. to the internal iliac v. urinary bladder in the male - connects with the prostatic venous plexus and the rectal venous plexus; in the female - connects with the rectal venous plexus, uterine venous plexus and vaginal venous plexus
portal v. formed by the union of the superior mesenteric v. and the splenic v.; tributaries: posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal v., right gastric v., left gastric v. divides into right and left branches before entering the liver; into the liver sinusoids all of the gut and its glands portal v. connects with the vena caval drainage at 1) esophagus, 2) rectum, 3) umbilicus, 4) retroperitoneal gut structures; portal v. courses between two capillary beds (gut and liver)
prostatic venous plexus deep dorsal v. of the penis internal iliac v. penis and the prostate gland prostatic venous plexus is connected with the vesical venous plexus
pudendal, deep external part of the drainage of the superficial dorsal v. of the penis/clitoris femoral skin and superficial fascia of the penis/clitoris; pubic region deep external pudendal v. shares its region of drainage with the superficial external pudendal v.
pudendal, internal deep dorsal v. of the penis/clitoris, v. of the bulb, posterior labial/scrotal v., inferior rectal v. internal iliac crus and bulb of the clitoris/penis; urogenital region, anal region internal pudendal v. passes through the pudendal canal
pudendal, superficial external part of the drainage of the superficial dorsal v. of the penis/clitoris great saphenous skin and superficial fascia of the penis/clitoris; pubic region superficial external pudendal v. shares its region of drainage with the deep external pudendal v.
rectal venous plexus no named tributaries superior, middle & inferior rectal vv. rectum and anal canal; anus rectal venous plexus is a site of portal-caval anastomosis
superficial dorsal v. of the clitoris no named tributaries superficial external pudendal v. skin and superficial fascia of the clitoris superficial dorsal v. of the clitoris is located superficial to the deep fascia of the clitoris
superficial dorsal v. of the penis no named tributaries superficial external pudendal v. skin and superficial fascia of the penis superficial dorsal v. of the penis is located superficial to the deep fascia of the penis
superficial external pudendal v. part of the drainage of the superficial dorsal v. of the penis/clitoris great saphenous skin and superficial fascia of the penis/clitoris; pubic region superficial external pudendal v. shares its region of drainage with the deep external pudendal v.
testicular v. pampiniform plexus left: left renal v.; right: inferior vena cava testis, ureter left testicular v. is longer than the right testicular v.
uterine venous plexus multiple tributaries from the uterus; deep dorsal v. of the clitoris uterine vv. to the internal iliac v. uterus & uterine tubes connects with the ovarian v. and the vaginal venous plexus
vaginal venous plexus multiple tributaries from the vagina vaginal v. to the internal iliac v. or uterine v. vagina connects with the uterine venous plexus, the vesical venous plexus and the rectal venous plexus
vena cava, inferior formed by the union of the paired common iliac vv; tributaries: lumbar vv. 1-4, right ovarian/testicular v., renal vv., right suprarenal v., right inferior phrenic v., hepatic vv. right atrium all of the body below the level of the respiratory diaphragm the inferior vena cava is longer than the abdominal aorta
vertebral venous plexus, external intervertebral vv. adjacent segmental vv.; vertebral v. in the cervical region vertebral column and associated muscles two plexuses are described: anterior and posterior; connects with the internal vertebral venous plexus
vertebral venous plexus, internal anterior and posterior longitudinal vertebral sinuses adjacent segmental vv. spinal cord, meninges, vertebral column connects with the external vertebral venous plexuses; valveless; a route for potential spread of metastases from the pelvis to the brain
vesical venous plexus multiple tributaries from the bladder in both sexes superior and inferior vesical vv. to the internal iliac v. urinary bladder in the male - connects with the prostatic venous plexus and the rectal venous plexus; in the female - connects with the rectal venous plexus, uterine venous plexus and vaginal venous plexus


Some of the material presented in these tables is contained in the book:
MedCharts Anatomy by Thomas R. Gest and Jaye Schlesinger
Published by ILOC, Inc., New York. Copyright 1995.

The content of these tables has been edited for use in this course by Patrick W. Tank, Ph.D.
Copyright 2009, Department of Neurobiology and Developmental Sciences, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences.
Unauthorized use is prohibited.




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